The MAIN Causes M ilitarism A lliance Systems I mperialism N ationalism
Militarism Militarism – building up military to be prepared for war and/or used as a tool of diplomacy Total Defense Expenditures of Great Powers (Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy, France, Britain, Russia) *in millions 187018801890190019101914 $156$216$256$446$481$662 1910-1914 Increase in Defense Expenditures France10% Britain13% Russia39% Germany73%
Alliance Systems Alliance – a formal agreement or union between nations promise to aid and protect one another
Triple Entente Triple Alliance Great Britain France Russia Germany Austria-Hungary Italy
Imperialism One country taking over another economically and politically
Nationalism Nationalism – pride in or devotion to one’s country
Assassination Balkan Peninsula – much interest Archduke Franz Ferdinand Heir to Austria-Hungary throne Sarajevo, Bosnia Killed by Gavrilo Princip Serbian nationalist Black Hand member
Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess Sophie at Sarajevo, Bosnia, on June 28th, 1914.
Artist’s depiction of the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death; declared war on Serbia. Germany pledges support for Austria-Hungary. Russia pledges support for Serbia.
Germany declares war on Russia. France pledges support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium; declares war on Germany.