Presentation on theme: "The Great War 1914 - 1918. Learning Targets 1.I can identify the four main causes of World War I 2.I can define Nationalism and Militarism 3.I can Identify."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Targets 1.I can identify the four main causes of World War I 2.I can define Nationalism and Militarism 3.I can Identify the participants and alliances that existed in World War I 4.I can summarize the relationship between 19 th and 20 th century imperialism and the start of World War I.
World War I A conflict that devastates Europe and has a major impact on the world.
Imperialism Competition of colonies causes mistrust between nations. The need to protect growing empires results in militarism.
Nationalism in Europe Peace of the 1800’s is hiding growing problems in Europe. Growing nationalism leads to competition between nations. Nationalism – pride in or devotion to ones country.
Many groups, including in the Balkans demand independence.
Many groups in Balkan region win independence, Serbia becomes a nation of Slavs. Austria-Hungary annexes Slavic region called Bosnia- Herzegovina. Serbians are outraged, sees itself as rightful rulers of Slavic lands.
Assassination Serbian nationalist kills Archduke Franz Ferdinand, member of the royal Austro-Hungarian royal family in 1914.
The Point of No Return: The Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Austria blamed Serbia for Ferdinand’s death and declared war on Serbia. Russia pledged their support for Serbia. · example of Slavic nationalism Germany pledged their support for Austria -Hungary. · example of German nationalism Germany declares war on Russia.
France pledges their support for Russia. Germany declares war on France. Germany invades Belgium on the way to France. Great Britain supports Belgium and declares war on Germany. Italy switches sides and joins Allies when promised land from Britain in Treaty of London