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Afghanistan Pakistan India Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Sri Lanka

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Presentation on theme: "Afghanistan Pakistan India Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Sri Lanka"— Presentation transcript:

1 Afghanistan Pakistan India Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Sri Lanka
South Asia Afghanistan Pakistan India Nepal Bhutan Bangladesh Sri Lanka

2 Afghanistan Physical Geography: -Three regions: Mountains Valleys Deserts

3 Khyber Pass

4 A few facts…. Ethnic Diversity Terrorism and War
Two official languages: How could this cause a problem? The groups in Afghanistan have conflicting views on the religion of Islam. Taliban is located in Afghanistan. What is the Taliban? Who was their leader? Al-Qaida told Muslims to kill Americans. What happened September 11, 2001?

5 Pakistan Map Physical Geography:
Pakistan is made up of three different regions: The Hindu Kush Thar Desert Baluchistan Plateau Indus River Map

6 Irrigation and Electricity
A few facts… Irrigation and Electricity National Challenges Islam is the national religion. Punjabi is the most spoken language. For 50 years Pakistan and India have fought over the area of Kashmir. Indus River brings life to Pakistan AND hydroelectric power. What is hydroelectric power? Tarbela Dam is an embankment dam. What is an embankment dam?


8 Bangladesh Bangladesh is a powerful delta formed by three powerful rivers. Ganges Brahmaputra Meghna

9 A few facts… Overpopulation Challenging Climate
Bangladesh is a tropical wet climate. Lots of: monsoons Wind Rainfall Floods Bangladesh is constantly trying to rebuild after floods. 9th most populated country in the world. 131 million people What does overpopulation cause? Malnutrition

10 Nepal and Bhutan These two countries are located in the tallest places in the world HIMALAYAS, and the low places of the world.

11 A few facts… Nepal is 90% Hindu Bhutan is 75% Buddhist

12 Sri Lanka

13 A Few facts… Social Unrest Environmental Change
Two group of people live in Sri Lanka… Sinhalese Tamils They often fight over religion or the different languages they speak. Sri Lanka gained it’s independence from Britain in 1948. Sri Lanka has a tropical climate They grow coconuts, rubber, and tea Sri Lanka grows 1/8th of the worlds tea. Deforestation has happen on Sri Lanka… What is deforestation? Social Unrest

14 India

15 The Europeans influence: Why did they come?
To trade Expand their empire Spread Christianity

16 The british rule India…
The British defeat France for India. Why do they both want India? Do you think the Indians in India like having foreigners in there country? Why?

17 Britain controls India
Good things Britain has done: -ended slavery -improved schools -build railroad network Bad things Britain has done: -Indians could not be in the government or army. -Indians had lower level positions in the government. -Indians lost their jobs.

18 Independence came to India on August 15, 1947.
India’s independence “At the stroke of the midnight hour, while the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.” - Jawaharlal Nehru, first prime minister of India Independence came to India on August 15, 1947.

19 Mohandas Gandhi -Indians gained a strong sense of Nationalism. -Many Indians traveled to England for a good education. -Gandhi studies to be lawyer.

20 Mahatma (the great soul)
Nonviolent resistance Peace and Love were more powerful weapons then violence. Led a boycott against the British.

21 Muslims vs. Hindus “The Partition of India”
To avoid civil war the British divided the colony into two parts: India and Pakistan. (known as the partition of India) India was mostly Hindu Pakistan was mostly Muslim People flee to the country where their religion was dominate….there was much violence. Gandhi was killed during this violent period


23 What are some Facts of Hinduism?
80% of Indians are Hindu They believe in reincarnation They practice the caste system Meditation is commonly used. Cows and the Ganges river are considered sacred. The river is believed to purify the soul.

24 The Caste system Brahmins: Kshatriyas: warriors Vaisyas: Sudras:
Teachers and judges Kshatriyas: warriors Vaisyas: Farmers Sudras: Craft workers and laborers Untouchables: Do the “unclean” work.

25 India Culture: Festivals
Holi is one of their holidays. It celebrates spring and the triumph of good over evil.

26 RATS! Rat’s are considered sacred in India.
The rats are eating the grain supply of India. Special parks have been constructed to house the rats. There are millions and millions of rats!!

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