4 A few facts…. Ethnic Diversity Terrorism and War Two official languages: How could this cause a problem?The groups in Afghanistan have conflicting views on the religion of Islam.Taliban is located in Afghanistan.What is the Taliban?Who was their leader?Al-Qaida told Muslims to kill Americans.What happened September 11, 2001?
5 Pakistan Map Physical Geography: Pakistan is made up of three different regions:The Hindu KushThar DesertBaluchistan PlateauIndus RiverMap
6 Irrigation and Electricity A few facts…Irrigation and ElectricityNational ChallengesIslam is the national religion.Punjabi is the most spoken language.For 50 years Pakistan and India have fought over the area of Kashmir.Indus River brings life to Pakistan AND hydroelectric power.What is hydroelectric power?Tarbela Dam is an embankment dam.What is an embankment dam?
8 BangladeshBangladesh is a powerful delta formed by three powerful rivers.GangesBrahmaputraMeghna
9 A few facts… Overpopulation Challenging Climate Bangladesh is a tropical wet climate.Lots of:monsoonsWindRainfallFloodsBangladesh is constantly trying to rebuild after floods.9th most populated country in the world.131 million peopleWhat does overpopulation cause?Malnutrition
10 Nepal and BhutanThese two countries are located in the tallest places in the world HIMALAYAS, and the low places of the world.
11 A few facts…Nepal is 90% HinduBhutan is 75% Buddhist
13 A Few facts… Social Unrest Environmental Change Two group of people live in Sri Lanka…SinhaleseTamilsThey often fight over religion or the different languages they speak.Sri Lanka gained it’s independence from Britain in 1948.Sri Lanka has a tropical climateThey grow coconuts, rubber, and teaSri Lanka grows 1/8th of the worlds tea.Deforestation has happen on Sri Lanka…What is deforestation?Social Unrest
15 The Europeans influence: Why did they come? To tradeExpand their empireSpread Christianity
16 The british rule India… The British defeat France for India.Why do they both want India?Do you think the Indians in India like having foreigners in there country? Why?
17 Britain controls India Good things Britain has done:-ended slavery-improved schools-build railroad networkBad things Britain has done:-Indians could not be in the government or army.-Indians had lower level positions in the government.-Indians lost their jobs.
18 Independence came to India on August 15, 1947. India’s independence“At the stroke of the midnight hour, while the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance.”- Jawaharlal Nehru, first prime minister of IndiaIndependence came to India on August 15, 1947.
19 Mohandas Gandhi-Indians gained a strong sense of Nationalism. -Many Indians traveled to England for a good education. -Gandhi studies to be lawyer.
20 Mahatma (the great soul) Nonviolent resistancePeace and Love were more powerful weapons then violence.Led a boycott against the British.
21 Muslims vs. Hindus “The Partition of India” To avoid civil war the British divided the colony into two parts: India and Pakistan. (known as the partition of India)India was mostly HinduPakistan was mostly MuslimPeople flee to the country where their religion was dominate….there was much violence. Gandhi was killed during this violent period
23 What are some Facts of Hinduism? 80% of Indians are HinduThey believe in reincarnationThey practice the caste systemMeditation is commonly used.Cows and the Ganges river are considered sacred.The river is believed to purify the soul.
24 The Caste system Brahmins: Kshatriyas: warriors Vaisyas: Sudras: Teachers and judgesKshatriyas: warriorsVaisyas:FarmersSudras:Craft workers and laborersUntouchables:Do the “unclean” work.
25 India Culture: Festivals Holi is one of their holidays. It celebrates spring and the triumph of good over evil.
26 RATS! Rat’s are considered sacred in India. The rats are eating the grain supply of India.Special parks have been constructed to house the rats.There are millions and millions of rats!!