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Unit 4: South, East and Southeast ASIA

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 4: South, East and Southeast ASIA"— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 4: South, East and Southeast ASIA

2 SOUTH ASIA: 8 COUNTRIES Afghanistan Bangladesh Bhutan India Maldives
Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka

3 Indian Subcontinent

4 NORTH Himalayas Hindu Kush Karakoram Mountains Khyber Pass
Formed 60 million yrs ago by plates crashing together Northern divider of Indian subcontinent Mt. Everest – world’s highest point Hindu Kush Khyber Pass Karakoram Mountains

5 Bodies of Water South – Indian Ocean East – Bay of Bengal
West – Arabian Sea

6 River Systems Indus – mostly Pakistan, to Arabian Sea
Brahmaputra – east, to Bay of Bengal

7 River Systems Ganges – east, joins Brahmaputra to form delta along Bay of Bengal (sacred to Hindus) Indo-Gangetic Plain flooding of Indus & Ganges rivers largest alluvial plain (rich soil) in the world most of population lives here

8 Monsoons – seasonal winds

9 Buddhism Not too many Buddhists in present day India
Created by a Hindu prince who was in search of nirvana (Siddartha, c. 500 BCE) Said way to nirvana lay neither in priestly rituals nor extreme self-denial but in a “middle-way” He became known as Buddha (“the enlightened one”) More popular today in East & Southeast Asia


11 History & Religion Mughal Empire ( ) Muslim elite ruled the Hindu majority in South Asia Built the Taj Mahal Replaced by British rulers (the Raj, ) Independence for India led by Mohandas Gandhi (partitioned into Hindu India, Muslim Pakistan; East Pakistan later became Bangladesh) Kashmir territory

12 Bangladesh


14 Southeast Asia includes:
China (1.3 billion people) Japan North & South Korea Southeast Asia includes: Indonesia (200 million people, largest Muslim pop) Vietnam Philippines

15 East Asia Geography

16 Physical features Gobi desert

17 Tsunamis Japan, 2011


19 Kim Jung Un Korea: partitioned after World War II Korean War (1950-53)
North Korea (Pyongyang capital) – communist, like China South Korea (Seoul capital) - democracy

20 China Ruled by dynasties (Han, Ming, etc. – Confucianism philosophy) until 20th century Communist takeover in 1949 (Mao Zedong) Largest economy today

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