2 What groups are part of the Juvenile Justice System? People under the age of 17People under the age of 18 who are considered neglected or abused by their parents or have no parents or guardians.
3 What is the purpose in having separate juvenile courts? To protect the well-being of childrenProvide guidance in control in the interests of the child and the stateSecure care for a child removed from their home
4 Two Types of Juvenile Offenses UNRULYBEHAVIORSDELINQUENT BEHAVIORSAlso called status offensesBehaviors juveniles would get into trouble for but adults would notExamples:Curfew violationTruancyUnderage drinking/smokingBehaviors that are crimes for both juveniles and adults
5 “Tried as an Adult”There are crimes that will get a youth automatically transferred to adult Superior Court. These include:MurderRapeArmed robberyAggravated child molestationVoluntary manslaughter
6 Steps in the Juvenile Justice Process Taking into Custody –Juvenile is apprehendedParents are notifiedCourts decides whether to release the child to parents or place in a detention center
7 Intake Decision – Court officers investigate charges and the juvenile’s familysituationNo further action – case is droppedInformal adjustment – steps to change the juvenile’s behaviorFile petition for a formal hearing – legal action will be taken against the juvenile
8 Formal HearingJuvenile and parents are issued a formal summons to appear in courtJuvenile court judge conducts the hearing (not open to the public)Hearing has 2 parts: adjudication and disposition
9 4. Sentencing Several Possibilities Release to custody of parents with court supervisionProbationYDC up to 90 daysCommit to Department of Juvenile JusticeBoot CampFines, suspension of driver’s license, community service, counselling