Presentation on theme: "Tape team sign and point sheet Take out one sheet of paper per tribe Write YOUR team # at top Write “Team to lose points: ___” in the middle."— Presentation transcript:
Tape team sign and point sheet Take out one sheet of paper per tribe Write YOUR team # at top Write “Team to lose points: ___” in the middle
Supreme Court __ 7 _ Judges Elected by __popular__ vote Chief Justice is chosen by _the other judges__ Court of _Appeals__ ___12___ Judges Elected by popular vote _4__ divisions in Georgia Superior __Court___ __188___ Judges Elected by popular vote ___49____ Circuits in Georgia Juvenile Court __159__ Courts _159__ Judges and Associate Judges h Magistrate Court _159___ Courts _159 Chief magistrates 346_magistrates Higher-ranking courts Lower-ranking courts Trial Court or Appellate Court (circle one) Trial Court or Appellate Court (circle one) Trial Courts or Appellate Courts (circle one) State Court _70_ Courts __105_ Judges Probate Court _159__ Courts _159__ Judges Municipal Court 370 courts 350 judges
GA GOVERNMENT EDITION Immunity Challenge: There’s Nothing Comical About It! DAY 10: The Juvenile Justice System of GA history of the juvenile court. SS8CG4.c - Describe the history of the juvenile court. jurisdictions, terminology, and steps in the criminal justice process. SS8CG4.d - Compare the juvenile justice system to the adult justice system, emphasizing the different jurisdictions, terminology, and steps in the criminal justice process. the rights of juveniles when taken into custody. SS8CG4.e - Describe the rights of juveniles when taken into custody.
A Little Background on Juvenile Court In 1906, the GA General Assembly passed a law creating a special court for those under 17 (called juveniles). –Once you are 17, you are charged / tried in court as an adult 1 st juvenile court in GA was in Fulton County in 1911; Today, ALL 159 counties have a one. Juvenile court judges are appointed to their positions by superior court judges.
Why have juvenile courts? Three main purposes: 1.To help protect the well- being of children. 2.To make sure that any child coming under the jurisdiction of the court receives the care, guidance, and control needed. 3.To provide care for children who have been removed from their homes.
Juvenile courts can hear the following cases: 1.Juveniles who commit traffic offenses
Juvenile courts can hear the following cases: 2.Juveniles who are delinquent, unruly, or deprived MORE ON THIS NEXT!
Which one of these pictures shows a delinquent juvenile, an unruly juvenile, and a deprived juvenile? A B C
Which one of these pictures shows a delinquent juvenile, an unruly juvenile, and a deprived juvenile? Unruly DelinquentDeprived
Who are delinquent juveniles, unruly juveniles, and deprived juveniles? Delinquent juveniles – a person under 17 who commits an act that would be considered a crime if committed by an adult. Unruly juveniles – a person under 17 who commits an act that would not be considered a crime if committed by an adult Deprived juveniles – a person under 17 who is neglected or abused by parents or guardians or those who have no legal guardians (You are “in the care of the state”)
What are some examples of delinquent acts? Delinquent juveniles – Burglary- Assault Car theft- Arson Drug trafficking **NOTE: We call these crimes DELINQUENT OFFENCES because they WOULD be considered crimes if committed by an adult.
What are some examples of unruly acts? Unruly juveniles – Smoking- Skipping school Breaking curfew Running away from home **NOTE: We call these under-aged crimes STATUS OFFENCES because they WOULD NOT be considered crimes if committed by an adult.
Juvenile courts can hear the following cases: 3.Juveniles already under the supervision or probation of the court
Juvenile courts can hear the following cases: 4.Cases involving children who need mental health services
Juvenile courts can hear the following cases: 5.Proceedings involving the permission of judge for marriage, employment, or enlistment (joining the military) when such consent is required by law. 1.If you are 16 or 17 years old, you may apply for a marriage license if you are accompanied by both parents who have given written consent. If the bride is pregnant, no parental consent is required if you submit a statement from a licensed physician certifying that the bride is pregnant. 2.You can join the military at age 17 but only with your parent’s consent. At age 18, you can join the military without your parent’s consent. Boys must register for the draft when they turn 18.
Rights of Juveniles juveniles have the right to a fair and speedy trial no juries in juvenile cases parents or guardians may be present at hearings attorney must be provided if child’s parents cannot afford one
Georgia’s Seven Deadly Sins Different from the seven deadly sins of the Catholic Church!
What are GA’s Seven Deadly Sins? They are seven crimes that when committed by a juvenile who is 13, 14, 15, or 16 years old will result in an adult trial in superior court and adult sentencing.
What are GA’s Seven Deadly Sins? These crimes are: 1.) Murder, 2.) Voluntary Manslaughter, 3.) Rape, 4.) Aggravated Sodomy, 5.) Aggravated Child Molestation, 6.) Aggravated Sexual Battery, and 7.) Armed Robbery with a Fire arm.
Sentencing for GA’s 7 Deadly Sins First Offense – non- parolable sentence of at least 10 yrs. Minimum sentencing for first offense of murder is LIFE, with no parole eligibility for 25 yrs. Second Offense - for any of the “7 Deadlies” – LIFE without the possibility of parole.