Some emperors attack Christians, while others tolerate them Diocletian = last major persecution Constantine 313 CE Edict of Milan grants religious toleration Converts to Christianity on death bed
Clergy vs.. Laity Christians want to survive as a religious group Bishops emerge to firm up doctrine and practices Get jobs based on the principle of apostolic succession, which means that the apostles of Jesus picked the first bishops and thus passed authority to them
Pope Patriarchs Major archbishops Cardinals Primates Metropolitan s Archbishops Diocesian bishops Other bishops
Promise of salvation because of Jesus’ death Gives meaning to present life Similar to mystery religions Jesus is human and easy to relate to No initiation rights that are complicated - just baptism Personal relationship with God Communities develop Belong regardless of social class Promise of a better place
What makes Christianity so different from other world religions? Why were people so eager for this change?
Based on the stories we’ve read so far, what are some important aspects of Christian cultural identity?