Religion in the Roman Empire State religion –(polytheistic) gods & goddesses. ritual = happy gods & prosperity. Tolerant -other religions. Judaism Judea-Roman Providence Procurator- Roman Governor. Unrest Sadducees –Priest, cooperation with Rome. Pharisees –Scholars-strict religious law =protection from Rome. Essenes- lived apart from society-God will save from oppression. Zealots -overthrow of Roman rule- waiting for Messiah.
Rise of Christianity Jesus travels teaching Christianity messiah. (anointed one) Mission -salvation God promised Israel. focus transformation of inner person. 10 Commandments. revolutionary -might revolt against Rome. Crucified.
Christianity Spreads Apostles spread message. Paul -message to Gentiles (non-Jews) of messiah. Jesus death –forgave sins. Christianity passed orally. Paul -letters (epistles) outline beliefs. gospels-New Testament.
Roman Persecution Romans 1 st little attention to Christians, seen as part of Judaism. Eventually seen as threat to public order. Christians –treason-death.
Roman Empire adopts Christianity Christianity grew Structured clergy -separate from laity (regular people). Fulfilled human need to belong. (communities). Diocletian-Last persecution. Constantine- 1 st Christian emperor. Edict of Milan Theodosius the Great - Christianity official religion.
5-4 Section Review Who was the head Roman official of a province? Procurator Romans were tolerant of other peoples’ religions unless those religions did what? Threatened public order or morals Who was the founder of Christian communities in Asia Minor? Paul
5-4 Section Review Roman persecutions made Christianity what? Stronger, more organized, and more committed What were Christian church leaders called? Clergy Christianity grew for what reasons? It was personal for individuals, it held familiar beliefs, it provided care and support for all What were Christian church members called? laity
5-4 Section Review Christianity was especially attractive to who? The poor What is the second part of the Christian Bible? New Testament The Jewish Essenes group did what? Awaited for God to save Israel