Presentation on theme: "Carrin Williams. 1905- Purity of Waters Act To assure supplies of clean drinking water 1973- Clean Streams Law To protect the streams from pollution."— Presentation transcript:
1905- Purity of Waters Act To assure supplies of clean drinking water 1973- Clean Streams Law To protect the streams from pollution and the effects of surface coal mining 1939- Pennsylvania Water Rights Act Providing for allocation at surface water supplies
1971- Adoption of the Environmental Rights Amendment to the Pennsylvania Constitution Guaranteeing the right of all citizens to clean air and pure water 1990- Banning the practice of hauling food in vehicles that contain waste or hazardous chemicals 1992- Establishing a Small Water Systems Technical Management Assisting Program Authorizing the placement of a question on the ballot to issue $350 million in state bonds of waste water, drinking water and storm water management projects
1977- Clean Water Act ( Federal Water Pollution Control Act) To restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the nation’s waters by preventing point and nonpoint pollution sources Providing assistants to publicly owned treatment works for the improvement of waste water treatment, and maintaining the integrity of wetlands
1974- Safe Drinking Water Act The main federal law the ensures the quality of Americans drinking water Under the (SDWA) Environmental Protection Agency ( EPA) sets standards for drinking water quality, oversees the states, localities, and water suppliers who implement those standards SDWA applies to all public water systems There are currently more than 160,000 public water systems providing water to almost all Americans at some time in their lives This does not apply to private wells
1899- Rivers and Harbors Appropriation Act Prohibits the construction of any bridge, dam, dike, or causeway over or in navigable waterways of the U.S. without Congressional approval Structures authorized by state legislatures may be built if the affected navigable waters are totally within one state Provided that the plan is approved by the Chief of Engineers and the Secretary of Army
National Environmental Policy Act Requires federal agencies to integrate environmental values into their decision making process by considering by considering the environmental impacts of their proposed action and reasonable alternatives to those actions To meet the NEPA requirements federal agencies prepare a detailed statement known as the Environmental Impact Statement EPA reviews and comments on the EIS prepared by other federal agencies
1972- Marine Protection, Research & Sanctuaries Act ( Ocean Dumping Act) Prohibits the dumping of material into the ocean that would unreasonably degrade or endanger human health or marine environment Ocean dumping can not occur unless a permit is issued under the MPRSA
1990- Oil Pollution Act Signed into law August 1990 because of the concern after of the Exxon Valdez incident Exxon oil tanker struck Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound, Alaska, spilling more than 11 million gallons of crude oil The OPA also created the national Oil Spill Liability Trust Fund which is available to provide up to one billion dollars per spill incident.
Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection responsible for protecting and preserving the land, air, water, and energy resources through enforcement of the State's environmental laws Environmental Crimes Section investigating and prosecuting violations of crimes against the environment.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to protect human health and to safeguard the natural environment--air, water, and land--upon which life depends United States Army Corps of Engineer The Corps of Engineers is made up of military and civilian engineers, scientists, and professionals of other fields to work on engineering and environmental matters. The Corps is responsible for providing quality, responsive engineering services to the nation through planning, designing, building and operating water resources and other civil works projects
In most cases the EPA enforces the Laws There has been in some cases where the Clean Water Act was not enforced An article in the NY Times describes how the Clean Water Act Laws were not enforced This was a serious situation that went on for some years