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Environmental Legislation & Regulations Professor Bernie Engel ASM 336 September 13, 2004
Who governs environmental laws and policies? US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): The governing body for major statues or laws National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)-1969: establishes policies, set goals and facilitate the implementation of such policies NEPA requires federal agencies to assess environmental impact of implementing their major program (Work with NASA & Army)
Positive Aspects of Regulations Protection of the Environment
Concerns about Regulations Structured so costs excessive compared to benefits. Command-and-control US Free Market Choice Uneven application of regulations Lack properly structured incentives Generate inefficiencies Paper work, costs Duplicative (Federal, State, etc)
Environmental Regulations Clean Air Act (CAA)-1970 Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA)-1974 Clean Water Act (CWA)-1977 Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) -1976 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA)- 1980 Federal Insecticide, Fungicide & Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) -1972 Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA) -1996
Clean Air Act (CAA) (1970) Diesel Engines Odor
Safe Drinking Water Act Protect nation’s sources of drinking water Protect public health through treatment techniques MCL’s: Maximum Contaminant Level Protect underground sources of drinking water Well Head protection areas
Clean Water Act (1972) Water Pollution Control Restore & maintain chemical, physical and biological integrity of the nation’s waters Community sewers NPS pollution control (TMDL’s!!!) National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Phase II Stormwater Regulations
Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) Hazardous Waste Underground tanks Control Solid Waste Regulation of facilities which burn waste
Comprehensive Environment Response, Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA) Also known as the Superfund Establish a Hazardous Substance Superfund Establish regulations controlling hazardous waste sites Provide liability for hazardous waste release from inactive sites
Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act (SARA)-1986 Revise and extends CERCLA Emergency planning & preparedness, community right-to- know reporting and toxic chemical release reporting Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) Regulates the use and safety of pesticides products and features Classification and certification of pesticide by specific use Evaluation of risk posed by pesticides (Required for registration) Restriction of use of pesticides harmful to the environment Enforcement of requirements through inspections, labeling, notices and state regulations Groundwater management plan
Additional Regulations Wild and Scenic Rivers Act -establishes wild and scenic river system -establishes wild and scenic river system Coastal Zone Management Act (CZMA) - balanced preservation & development in coastal areas - balanced preservation & development in coastal areas Endangered Species Act - conserve endangered and threatened species - conserve endangered and threatened species
Additional Regulations Marine Protection, Research and Sanctuaries Act - regulates dumping of all types of materials into ocean - regulates dumping of all types of materials into ocean Toxic Substance Control Act (TSCA) - sets up toxic substances program - sets up toxic substances program - EPA can require manufacturers to collect data on effects of their substance - EPA can require manufacturers to collect data on effects of their substance National Historic Prevention Act -preserve, restore and maintain cultural resources -preserve, restore and maintain cultural resources
Additional Regulations Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA) -1970 Oil Pollution Act (OPA)-1990 Endangered Species Act (ESA)-1973
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