Presentation on theme: "9/19 Do Now: When did the first humans develop (appear on the Earth)? Aim: What led to the development of civilization? What are the characteristics of."— Presentation transcript:
9/19 Do Now: When did the first humans develop (appear on the Earth)? Aim: What led to the development of civilization? What are the characteristics of a civilization? Objectives: You will be able to… Explain the causes and effects of the Agricultural Revolution Identify the characteristics of a civilization Identify where the first civilizations developed Agenda: Early Humans and Agricultural Revolution Review Begin “The Strength of the Strong” Homework: Finish Agricultural Revolution questions
Chapter 2: The Development of the World Today How has human civilization developed and progressed over time?
An Abbreviated Timeline of Life on Earth 4.5 billion years ago- The solar system and Earth are formed 3.5 billion years ago- Earliest evidence of life on Earth (microbes) 1.2 billion years ago- Multicellular organisms develop 200 million years ago- Mammals develop 150 million years ago- Birds develop 2.5 million years ago- Appearance of Homo genus (early humans) 200,000 years ago- Homo sapiens develop 8,000 years ago- First “cities” develop 2,200 years ago- First city of 1 million Today-Largest city estimated to have 23 million people
Stone Age Humans Nomadic hunter-gathers Ability to think allowed them to make many accomplishments –Examples? Modern humans (homo sapiens) developed 250,000 years ago
The Agricultural (Neolithic) Revolution 10,000 years ago humans learned to farm and domesticate animals What caused this agricultural revolution? How did it change how people lived?
The Development of Civilization The Agricultural Revolution led to the development of permanent civilizations characterized by – Cities – Central Government (with public works) – Traditional Economy (based on farming) – Job Specialization – Social Classes – Arts and Architecture – Organized Religion – System of Writing Where did the first civilizations develop? Why?
The First Civilizations Ancient Egypt Indus River Valley Mesopotamia Ancient China
DECCAN PLATEAU PLATEAU OF TIBET Ganges River South China Sea
The World in 2000 BCE Key: Yellow- hunter-gatherers, Purple- nomadic pastoralists, Green- Simple farming societies, Orange- complex farming societies, Blue- complex farming states
The World in 1000 BCE Key: Yellow- hunter-gatherers, Purple- nomadic pastoralists, Green- Simple farming societies, Orange- complex farming societies, Blue- complex farming states
The World in 500 BCE Key: Yellow- hunter-gatherers, Purple- nomadic pastoralists, Green- Simple farming societies, Orange- complex farming societies, Blue- complex farming states, Brown- empire
Civilizations in 100 CE Key- Dark Pink- Roman Empire, Dark Blue- Han Empire
Development of Civilizations Civilizations rise, fall, and redevelop (often as empires) Changes occur due to cultural diffusion, war, new ideas and technologies
9/24 Do Now: Complete “Shaping the Industrial World” Vocab. Matchup Aim: What events and trends caused the emergence of the industrial world? Objectives: You will be able to… Define key terms related to Europe’s growth Explain the sequence of the main events that led to the development of the modern world Agenda: Review Do Now and Key Historical Events/Trends Work in Groups on Timeline Review Timeline Homework: Ch. 2 Test Thurs.
The Rise of Europe Civilizations rise and fall, and so different regions are powerful at different times 500-1500 CE: Europe in “Dark Ages” (period of decline and lack of advancement after fall of Roman Empire) with Islamic World and China as most powerful/advanced regions Late 1300s: Europe begins a comeback with the Renaissance
Europe’s Renaissance and Age of Exploration Between 1350-1600, Europe experienced the Renaissance and the development of overseas expansion – Cause- Increased trade with other regions – Effects- Great artistic and scientific advancements, European settlement of the Americas
2 nd Agricultural Revolution A period in the 1700s when food production in Europe increases dramatically – Causes- new foods from the Americas, new farming methods, new farm machines – Effects?
Europe’s Industrial Revolution A period in the 1800s when Europe builds factories to mass produce goods – Causes- large force of workers displaced from agriculture, capital earned from trade, new technology – Effects?
The Age of Imperialism A period in the late 1800s and early 1900s when European nations controlled large parts of Africa and Asia – Causes- Desire to gain new markets and cheap raw materials, advanced military technology – Effects- increased European wealth, westernization but delayed industrialization in colonies, nationalism among colonial peoples
20 th Century Wars 1914-1918: World War I – Influenced by rising nationalism and political competition in Europe 1939-1945: World War II – Influenced by rise of dictators and their attempts to expand territory 1945-1990: Cold War – Political and economic struggle between democracies/mixed economies (US) and dictatorships/command economies (Soviet Union)
9/29 Do Now: What parts of the world have the most developed economies? Aim: What challenges face developing nations and the world as a whole today? Objectives: You will be able to… Explain the difference between developing and developed nations Explain the goals of developing nations Explain what challenges developing nations face Examine the role of international organizations Agenda: PPT Review of 2.3 Clickers and Current Events Discussion? Homework: Work on study guide for Ch. 2 test (Thurs.)
Review of Ch 2 “-isms” and “-izations” and the Creation of the Developing World Industrial Revolution - Development of factories to mass produce goods -In Europe and US btwn 1750 and 1914 - Caused urbanization Imperialism -European countries controlled much of Africa & Asia in the 1800s and early 1900s for: – Raw materials – Markets for manufactured goods - Causes Africa and Asia to not experience the Industrial Revolution until the mid-1900s Westernization −European nations imposed their Western culture on their colonies in − Language − Religion − Govt. models − Food, dress, customs Nationalism −Pride in one’s country and the desire to rule your own nation −Grew in colonized areas that wanted to drive foreigners out - Led to independence movts. in mid-1900s Eventual Independence and Modernization of Colonies - When formerly colonized nations became independent, they were underdeveloped - Goals: −Improve infrastructure −Cultural change −Diversify economy − Improve education and services −Political stability − But attempting to achieve these goals are costly and can create debt Globalization The increasing connection and interdependence between nations occurring now
The World Today Developed countries- blue – Wealthy, industrialized nations – Have developed infrastructure – Have a democratic govt. that enforces laws, protects individual freedoms and offers basic services Developing countries- orange/red – Poor countries just industrializing now – Weak infrastructure – Many are former colonies – Often have problems with poverty, corrupt governments, population growth, and urbanization
The Developing World Working to modernize but it costs money and puts many nations in debt ProblemCausesGoals Weak governments Lack of experience, artificial borders, corruption Create political stability and governments that protect rights Undeveloped economy Reliance on cash crops, little industry, poor infrastructure Diversification, building factories, improving transportation PovertyPoor jobs, poor education systems, lack of social services, rapid urbanization Improve schools and health care, build new housing
Developing World vs. Developed World Identify whether the statement describes, in general, the developing or developed world 1.Mostly former colonies in Africa and Asia 2.Have advanced infrastructure 3.Have poor education and health services 4.Often in debt due to efforts at modernization 5.Have strong government that enforces rules and protects rights 6.In the process of moving away from reliance on cash crops and creating new industry 7.Mostly countries that colonized other places in the late 1800s and early 1900s
Global Trends Population growth Urbanization Inequality Technological and cultural change Climate Change Globalization Others?
Interdependence in the World Today Interdependence is growing w/globalization Many issues affect the world as a whole- recession, global warming, pollution, drugs, disease, nuclear weapons, etc. Many international exist to address these issues- – United Nations – Regional govt. organizations (NATO, African Union, etc.) – Non-profits (Red Cross, Doctors Without Borders, Amnesty International, etc.)
The United Nations Established in 1945 to preserve world peace Headquartered in New York City Includes almost all nations (193) All members pay dues and get a vote in the main decision-making body (General Assembly)
Main Missions of the UN Peace & Security- Prevents war through negotiation, peacekeeping operations Economic & Social Development- Promotes health, education, infrastructure Human Rights- Attempts to guarantee basic rights for all Humanitarian Affairs- Gives disaster relief, aid to refugees, victims of HIV/AIDS, famine, drought, flooding International Law- Creates rules for immigration, borders, use of waterways, prisoners’ rights, war
Challenges for the UN Can be affected be global conflicts (ex. Cold War) Difficult to make decisive action quickly – Members have different priorities and needs – Decisions require compromise Difficult to enlist peacekeeping forces – Nations voluntarily contribute troops – Troops work for UN, but also for their home country
Which global issue is most pressing? 1.Climate change 2.Water scarcity 3.Energy 4.Disease 5.Nuclear weapons 6.Drug trade 7.Economic recession 8.Human rights
What should be the main priority of the United Nations? 1.Peace and security 2.Economic and social development 3.Human Rights 4.Humanitarian Affairs 5.International Law
Is the United Nations the most effective way of solving global issues? 1.Yes 2.No
What role does technology play in solving the world’s problems? 1.It will solve more problems than it will create 2.It will solve some problems while creating others 3.It will create more problems than it will solve
What is the future of the world like? 1.It is bright. The world will continue to advance and progress. 2.It is bleak. The world problems will continue to grow and will cause human civilization to decline 3.It will be bright for some (the wealthy) and bleak for most