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Arts and Humanities Exit Exam

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Presentation on theme: "Arts and Humanities Exit Exam"— Presentation transcript:

1 Arts and Humanities Exit Exam

2 Elements of Music Rhythm Tempo Melody Harmony Form Timbre Dynamics

3 Rhythm The pattern of notes and rests Important Rhythm Terms
Syncopation Placing emphasis on the weak or off beats Meter (AKA Time Signature) 3 Types Simple: 4/4 Compound: 6/8 Asymmetrical: 5/4

4 Note and Rest Values Whole Note= 4 beats Half Note= 2 beats
Quarter Note= 1 beat Eighth Note= ½ beat Sixteenth Note= ¼ beat

5 Tempo The speed of the music Accelerando Ritardando Gradually speed up
Gradually slow down

6 Tempo Markings Largo Andante Moderato Allegro Presto Very slow
Walking speed Moderato Medium speed Allegro Fast tempo Presto Very fast

7 Melody The main part of the song that can be hummed by the listener
Key Signature Sharps and flats the beginning of the music that show the scale on which the music is based.

8 Harmony Two or more notes sounded together Consonance Dissonance
Harmony that is pleasing to the listener Dissonance Harmony that is “harsh” to the listener

9 Form The way the music is organized Opera Forms Overture Aria
Introduction for operas and ballets Aria Song for solo voice that is very melodic in character Recitative Song sung in a speaking manner

10 Types of Forms AB ABA Call and Response Theme and Variations
2 contrasting sections ABA 2 contrasting sections that repeats back to the 1st section Call and Response One group performs and another group echoes Theme and Variations Basic melody performed in a variety of ways

11 Timbre The unique characteristic of sound VOCAL TIMBRES Soprano Alto
High Female Voice Alto Low Female Voice Tenor High Male Voice Bass Low Male Voice

12 INSTRUMENT FAMILIES Woodwind Brass String Percussion
Flute, Clarinet, Saxophone, Oboe, Bassoon Brass Trumpet, French Horn, Trombone, Tuba String Violin, Viola, Cello, Double Bass, Guitar Percussion Drums, Xylophone, Tambourine, Cymbals

13 Dynamics The loudness or softness of music Pianissimo (pp) Very Soft
Piano (p) Soft Mezzo Piano (mp) Moderately Soft Mezzo Forte (mf) Moderately Loud Forte (f) Loud Fortissimo (ff) Very Loud

14 Music Symbols Staff Treble Clef Bass Clef Sharp Flat Natural

15 Symbols, cont. Crescendo Decrescendo Accent Fermata Coda

16 More symbols DC- Repeat to the beginning DS- Repeat to the sign
Fine-The End

17 Renaissance Period Most important composer He utilized the
Giovanni Palestrina He utilized the “counterpoint” system

18 Baroque Period Important Composers Fugue- An imitative style of
George Frederic Handel Known for oratorios (“The Messiah”) Johann Sebastian Bach Cantatas for his church services Fugue- An imitative style of composition developed during this period

19 Classical Period Important Composers Franz Josef Haydn
“The father of the Symphony” Ludwig Van Beethoven Most well known is his “5th Symphony”

20 Romantic Period Important Composers Richard Wagner Peter Tchaikovsky
Known for his operas Ride of the Valkyries The Flying Dutchman Peter Tchaikovsky Known for his ballets The Nutcracker, Swan Lake, Romeo & Juliet

21 Impressionism Claude Debussy Maurice Ravel Important Composers
Both composers incorporated symbolism into their music

22 Modern Period Jazz Music Improvisation
Combines spirituals, blues, and improvisation to create a new and unique style Improvisation To create music spontaneously (“on the spot”)

23 American Music George Gershwin
Incorporated Jazz elements into classical music Rhapsody in Blue An American in Paris

24 Aaron Copland Used American folk songs and ideas in his music
Appalachian Spring Billy the Kid

25 Duke Ellington Helped shape jazz styles in American music
Take the A Train Mood Indigo

26 Purposes of Music Ceremonial Artistic Recreational
Music for ceremonies and rituals Star Spangled Banner, Wedding March Artistic Music used to express emotion Ballet Music Recreational Music for Fun Dance Music

27 The End (FINE)

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