2 RhythmMusic cannot happen without rhythm or the movement of musical sounds through time.The placement of sound in time is the rhythm of a piece of music.Can also be called “beat” or “pulse”
3 Rhythm Cont. Rhythm can be… a single pattern or beat several complicated beats put togetherbasicrepetitive“Feel the rhythm”
4 Rhythm Cont. The meter of a piece of music is its basic rhythm. It is the pattern of rhythms in a repeated manner of strong and weak beats.
5 Rhythm Cont. Time Signatures Duple = multiples of 2 Triple = multiples of 3
6 Rhythm Cont. Syncopation any rhythm that puts an emphasis on a beat or a part of the beat that is not usually emphasized“off the beat” or “off-beat”
7 Tempo The speed of music Metronome markings Verbal Descriptions Beats per minuteVerbal DescriptionsCan be relative and subjective
8 Tempo Cont. May Vary within a piece of music Accelerando Ritardando To gradually speed upRitardandoTo gradually slow down
9 Tempo Cont. Largo – slow & broad Adagio – slow Andante – literally “walking” (medium slow)Moderato – moderate or mediumAllegro – fastVivo/Vivace – lively & briskPresto – very fastPrestissimo – very, very fast
10 Melody One of the most basic elements of music. Melody is made up of individual notes that are usually placed in an orderly mannerThese notes have a particularPitchDuration (length)Placing a series of notes together in some kind of order, one after the other, creates melody.
11 HarmonyWhen there is more than one tone or pitch sounding at the same time in music, the result is harmony.
12 Form The overall plan or structure of the music The “big picture” Verse-and-chorus
13 Timbre The “color” of the music. Includes all the elements of a sound that have nothing to do with how high or low the pitch or tone is, how loud or soft it is, or how long or short the notes are.Dark, bright, thin, full, rich, hollow, nasal, etc.
14 Dynamics How loud or soft the music is Forte – Loud Piano – Soft Mezzo – mediumpp p mp mf f ff
15 Dynamics Cont. Crescendo < - to get gradually louder Decrescendo > - to get gradually softer
16 Instrumentation What instruments can you hear in the music? Piano: Keyboard, OrganPercussion: Drums, clapping, beat boxingStrings: Guitar, Bass, Violins, harpWoodwinds: Clarinet, flute, piccoloBrass: trumpet, saxaphone, tubaElectronic: Autotune…
17 Voicing What type of voicing do you hear? Solo (male or female/adult or child)Duet (2 voices)Trio ( 3 voices)Quartet (4 voices)Quintet (5 voices)Choir (more than 6 voices)Back Ground Singers (1-6 voices)
18 Mood What is the overall mood of the music? Happy Sad Angry Remorseful ExcitedHopefulDepressingUplifting
19 Message/ Theme What is the overall message or theme of the song? HeartbreakParty/club songEncouragementRevenge/VentingSwagReligiousInformative +
20 Listening to Music Outline Title of Song:Artist/Group:Rhythm: can you tap your foot to a steady beat?Tempo: how fast or slow? (use terms)Melody/Harmony: more melodic or harmonic?Form: is this song the typical verse & chorus form?Timbre: What is the overall color?Dynamics: What is the overall dynamic?Instrumentation: What instrumentation is use?Voicing: What voices do you hear? (not in your head)Mood: What is the overall mood?Message/Theme: Is there are message or theme?
21 Listening to Music Title of Song: Apparition Artist/Group: Crumb Rhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
22 Listening to Music Title of Song: Wild Wild West Artist/Group: Will SmithRhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
23 Listening to Music Title of Song: Jailhouse Rock Artist/Group: Elvis Rhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
24 Listening to Music Title of Song: radioactive Artist/Group: Lindsey Stirling & PentatonixRhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme:
25 Listening to Music Title of Song: Don’t Stop Believin Artist/Group: JourneyRhythm:Tempo:Melody/Harmony:Form:Timbre:Dynamics:Instrumentation:Voicing:Mood:Message/Theme: