4 Vocal Ranges Soprano Alto Tenor Bass The four MAIN vocal ranges from highest to lowest are:SopranoAltoTenorBass
5 Instrument Family Research How does each family of instruments produce sound?List 6-8 examples of instruments in each family.Pick (1) instrument –Earliest “occurrence”How does that specific instrument produce sound?What is it used for now?Five basic families:AerophonesIdiophonesMembranophonesChordophonesElectrophones
6 Classifications of Timbres Aerophones:Instruments that produce sound by a vibrating column of air.FluteTubaHarmonica
7 Idiophones:Simple, solid instruments that produce sound by being struck, scraped, or shaken.GongsCymbalsRattlesXylophones
8 Membranophones:Instruments that produce sound by striking a skin or membrane stretched across a resonating chamber.CongaDrumsTimpani
9 Guitar Harp Violin String Bass Chordophones: Instruments that create sound by striking or plucking a tight string.GuitarHarpViolinString Bass
10 Electrophones:Instruments that generate sound from electricity.OrgansSynthesizersElectric Guitar
11 Families of Instruments Brass: trumpet, trombone, etc.Woodwinds: Clarinet, Flute, etc.Strings: Violin, Cello, etc.Percussion: Snare Drum, Gong, etc.
12 Name the Source Listen to these seven musical excerpts. Identify all the timbres and the instruments producing the sound you hear.Then classify the instruments according to their appropriate category.All five classification categories are represented.