2 The Families…BrassWoodwindStringPercussionElectric
3 BrassThis family of instruments is part of the AEROPHONES – instruments that require the player to use AIR, sending it through tubes that are a variety of lengths and widths.To make a sound you must ‘buzz’ your lips into a cupped mouthpiece, vibrating the air and sending a sound through the instrument.Includes instruments like:TrumpetTromboneFrench HornTuba
5 Woodwind This group of instruments is also part of the AEROPHONES. This family includes:FluteOboe – double reedClarinet – single reedSaxophone – single reedBassoon – double reedTo make a sound the player must place the reed/mouthpiece into their mouth. The air they blow into the instrument vibrates the reed which vibrates the air sending a sound through the instrument.
7 StringString instruments are CHORDOPHONES – instruments that make sound by vibrating a string stretched over two points.Playing this instrument requires plucking or pulling a bow across the string to make it vibrate. When the string vibrates, the air surrounding it vibrates creating the sound that we hear.Members of this family are:ViolinViolaCelloDouble Bass/String BassAcoustic guitar
9 PercussionPercussion instruments fall into two categories – IDIOPHONES and MEMBRANOPHONES. These instruments are either shaken, scraped or hit.This family includes instruments like:Snare drumBass drumTimpaniCymbalsTambourinePianoVibraphone (vibes)ChimesWhen playing this instrument when the instrument is struck the drum head or shell of the instrument vibrates, vibrating the air which creates the sound that we hear.
10 ElectricThis family of instruments are considered ELECTROPHONES – instruments that depend on electricity to make their sound.Instruments in this family include:Electric guitarElectric bassSynthesizer