Understanding Culture What is Culture? Culture - is the way of life of people who share similar beliefs and customs.
Understanding Culture There are 8 traits in which you can divide a culture. – Social groups – Language – Religion – Daily Life – History – Arts – Government – Economy
Social Groups Social Group – the different groups of people in a society. Rich Middle Class PoorAge Roles of men and Women Ethnic Group: a group of people who share a common history, language, religion, and physical features.
Social Groups Majority Groups – group of people in a society that control most of the wealth and power Minority Group – group of people in a society is the group of people which have a different race or ethnicity than the majority group.
Question Use your book and find what are the majority, and minority groups in the United States. Majority Groups : Caucasian Minority Groups: African Americans and Hispanic Americans.
Language Language is one of the strongest unifying forces for a culture. Dialect – a local form of a language that differs from the same language in other areas. – Schuylkill County has a dialect. – CoalSpeak: Dictionary of the Coal Region CoalSpeak: Dictionary of the Coal Region
Question Use your book to find other examples of dialect. – Northeast – soda – Midwest – pop
Religion Religion helps people answer basic questions about life and its meaning. Many types of religions around the world. Some of the most common are: – Buddhism – Christianity – Hinduism – Islam – Judaism
Types of Religion Buddhism – Belief in the Eightfold Path- rules that lead to a life of morality, wisdom, and good thought. Nirvana – State of Bliss – achieved when you follow the eightfold path. Leader – Buddha
Buddhism 365 million followers or 6% of the world’s population. Buddhism is the 4 th largest religion in the world. Started in India spread into Sri Lanka and then across Asia.
Christianity Christians believe that Jesus the son of God was sent to Earth died on the cross to save humanity. Having faith in Jesus, you will have eternal life in heaven. Leader is Jesus Christ - monotheistic 2.1 Billion people in the world are Christian About 75% of all American adults consider themselves Christian.
Types of Christianity Catholic Protestant Lutheran Methodist
Hinduism Reincarnation - after death the soul is reborn in another form. (person, animal, vegetable) Karma – spiritual force resulting from action in the past lives. Karma determines what a persons soul will be reborn as. Polytheistic – more than one God. The 3 main Gods are Brahma, Vishnu and Siva Leader - Unknown
Hinduism About 900 million people. 3 rd largest religion in the world Originated in India Shastras – book of their spiritual laws
Islam Followers are known as Muslims Monotheistic – 1 God – Allah Follow the Quran Muhammad – prophet that said the Quran was revealed to him by Allah 5 Pillars of Faith –take you to eternal paradise – BeliefFasting – CharityPrayer – Pilgrimage
Islam 1.5 billion people 2 nd largest religion in the world. Islam – means submission Origin Saudi Arabia
Judaism Monotheistic- 1 God – Yahweh Believe they will have peace with each other and God if they follow God’s laws. Torah- first 5 books of the Hebrew Bible. Leader – Abraham About 14 million people are Jewish
Judaism Hannukah- commemorates the Jews struggle for religious freedom 8 Days long – because after the victory, the menorah was lit for eight days when they thought it would only last for one. Menorah – 8 candles. Celebrates the Maccabees victory over the Syrian Greeks
Religions of the World http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adh erents.html http://www.adherents.com/Religions_By_Adh erents.html
Daily Life The things that we eat, say and do everyday as part of our lives. Many of these traditions have originated in other parts of the world. – Eating pizza, tacos, yogurt, egg rolls. – Eating with silverware, fingers, chopsticks – Clothing that we wear.
History The things in the past that we remember as a significant part of our daily lives. – Holidays – 4 th of July, Cinco de Mayo, Veterans Day – Time periods – World War II, Civil War, Enlightenment – People – George Washington, Queen Elizabeth, Napolean
Arts An expression of feelings, time periods. – Pictures – Sculptures – Literature – Dance – Architecture – Music
Government Rule or laws that people live by in a country Limited Governments – all people must live by the written law of the land – Constitution – Statement of Rights Unlimited Governments – rulers have powers that are not limited by laws. – Hitler
Government Democracy - form of limited government where power rests with the people of the nation. Dictatorship – Unlimited government where rulers rely on the police and military to take power by force. Monarchy – kings and queens are born into a ruling family. (Until about 1600 absolute monarchy unlimited power however now, most countries use a constitutional monarch which is limited. )
Types of Government Direct Democracy Representative Democracy Absolute Monarchy Dictatorship
Direct Democracy All citizens vote directly on issues. What countries have a direct democracy? –S–Switzerland –N–New England towns
Representative Democracy People vote for representatives who lead the country and make laws. What countries have a Representative Democracy? –U–United States –R–Russia –F–France
The majority rules in a democracy People vote for who they feel is the best representative. Once chosen, the representative is responsible for getting the people what they want. – Presidential Election- people are voting on who is the best person to lead the country.
Constitutional Monarchy Monarch inherits the right to rule however they have limited powers. What countries have a constitutional monarchy –U–United Kingdom –J–Japan –S–Sweden –J–Jordan
Absolute Monarchy Inherits the right to rule, however they have limited power. What countries have an absolute monarch? –S–Saudi Arabia
Dictatorship Makes all laws and suppresses any opposition – Hitler- Germany – Stalin – Soviet Union What countries have a dictatorship? Cuba - Iraq – Under Saddam Hussein
Economy How the people in a society earn a living. Deals with the money of a country – Farming – Manufacturing – Services
Types of Economies Traditional Command Market Mixed
Traditional Economy Customs and traditions determine what and how to produce. Resources are usually shared. Passed down from generation to generation. Bartering or exchanging is used – Inuits – Canada – Parts of Africa and South America
Market Economy Individuals own resources and determine what and how to produce. Supply and Demand policy – prices and wages are set based on the producers supply, and the consumer demand. Also Known as consumer economics. – United States