Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 We the People Section 1: Civics in Our Lives"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 We the People Section 1: Civics in Our Lives American Civics4/21/2017Chapter 1 We the PeopleSection 1: Civics in Our LivesSection 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?Section 3: The American People TodayChapter 2
2 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives American Civics4/21/2017Section 1: Civics in Our LivesThe Main IdeaAs a U.S. citizen, it is your duty to help preserve freedom and to ensure justice and equality for yourself and all Americans.Reading FocusWhy do we study civics?What are the values that form the basis of the American way of life?What are the roles and qualities of a good citizen?Chapter 2
3 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives Civics is the study of citizenship and government. Citizenship includes:Being a productive member of societyFulfilling the duties and responsibilities of a citizen
4 Ideals of the U.S. government and the American way of life: Section 1: Civics in Our LivesIdeals of the U.S. government and the American way of life:Freedom and equality are protected by laws.Citizens share in protecting liberties.Citizens are guaranteed an education and equal opportunity of employment.Citizens must respect the rights of others.
5 Some roles and qualities of a good citizen: Section 1: Civics in Our LivesSome roles and qualities of a good citizen:VotingGovernment or political participationInforming officials of needs or disagreementsStudying civics to understand the governmentRespecting the rights of othersResponsibly using natural resources
6 American Ideals Section 1 Question: What ideals form the basis of the U.S. government and the American way of life?American IdealsFreedomEquality
7 CivicsCitizenGovernmentValuesEquality, Liberty & Justice
8 are responsible family members respect and obey laws peopleare responsible family membersrespect and obey lawsrespect the rights and property of othersare loyal to their country and proud of its accomplishmentstake part in and improve life in their communitiestake an active part in their governmentuse natural resources wiselyare well informed on important issues and are willing to take a stand on these issues when conscience demands itbelieve in equality of opportunity for all peoplerespect individual differences, points of view, and ways of life that are different from their own
9 Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? American Civics4/21/2017Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?The Main IdeaThroughout history, immigrants have brought their languages, ideas, beliefs, hopes, and customs to the United States. Their ways of life are constantly mixing with and influencing the culture of Americans who came before.Reading FocusWho are “Americans,” and from where did they come?What changes have occurred in U.S. immigration policy since the early 1800s?How does a person become a U.S. citizen?The United States is a nation ofimmigrants. With the exceptionof Native Americans, all of us cantrace our family’s roots to another country.The heritage of freedom and equality inwhat is now the United States was formed bitby bit.Traditionally, people called the UnitedStates a “melting pot.”Some people say America is more like a“salad bowl.”People who come here as adults oftenkeep the customs they grew up with in theirnative countries. However, their children andgrandchildren, raised in the United States,often blend into what we think of as typicalAmerican ways of life.Chapter 2
10 North America’s earliest inhabitants: American Civics4/21/2017Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?North America’s earliest inhabitants:People from Siberia settled in North America 12,000–40,000 years ago.A.D. 1000—Vikings arrived but did not settle in North America.1492—Christopher Columbus claimed land for Spain.Spanish, French, British, Dutch, Swedish, and Africans (slaves) settled in America.Many scientists believe that the first people to settle in North America came herefrom Asia between 12,000 and 40,000 yearsago.Europeans soon learned that the Americas possessed vast natural resources. It hadplenty of room for newcomers from crowded regions of Europe.Spanish settlers soon spread across the Caribbean, Mexico, Central and SouthAmerica, and present-day Florida, Texas, California, and the southwestern UnitedStates.Chapter 2
12 Changes in U.S. immigration policy: Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?Changes in U.S. immigration policy:1880s—restrictions placed on immigration in response to wage issues1920s—Limits on yearly immigration; quotas set for particular countriesImmigration Act of 1990—cap set at 675,000 immigrants per yearRefugees are not subject to the immigration cap.1986—Immigration Reform and Control Act
13 How U.S. citizenship benefits people: Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?How U.S. citizenship benefits people:Freedom is protected by laws.Citizens are eligible for government services.
14 right to hold public office Section 2Question: What are the benefits of U.S. citizenship?voting rightsBenefits of Citizenshipright to hold public officefreedom of job choice
15 The U.S. population continues to grow and change today. Section 3: The American People TodayThe Main IdeaThe U.S. population continues to grow and change today.Reading FocusWhy is the census important?In what ways does population grow and change?What has changed about the American population over the years?For what reasons have Americans moved and settled in new areas over the course of U.S. history?
16 Census Information Section 3: The American People Today Determines how many people each state has in the House of RepresentativesShows population growth and decline for different areasReports how many children each family hasHelps government, businesses, and individuals plan for the future
17 to fill the needs of the market to write books and reports Section 3Question:Why is census information important?Who Uses ItHow They Use Itgovernmentto plan the budgetto fill the needs of the marketbusinessesto write books and reportsindividuals
18 Populations grow by: Section 3: The American People Today Natural increaseAdding new territoriesImmigration
19 Changes in the movement of Americans: Section 3: The American People TodayChanges in the movement of Americans:The first census found the majority of Americans living on farms and rural areas.1830—urban areas were growing faster than rural areas1920—more Americans lived in cities than in rural areasMid-1900s—suburbs developed around crowded citiesToday there are more people living in suburbs than in cities.Migration to the Sunbelt increased during the 1980s–1990s.
20 SECTION 3 Minority Group Conditions / Concerns African Americans making gains toward equality, but statistics still show members are lagging in education, employment, and income; becoming more politically activeHispanicsrapidly growing population; trailing in income and education; diverse populationAsian Americanscontrast between first-generation immigrants, who are often poor, and second-generation, many of whom succeed educationally and financially; viewed as "model minority," although this term is resentedAmerican Indiansoften live on reservations; high poverty and poor education; encouraged to assimilate; taking steps to establish sources of income and better schoolsWhite Ethnicsincludes some who assimilate quickly and others who remain victims of prejudice and discrimination; making gains in religious tolerance; good education level
21 Chapter 1 Wrap-Up 1. Why do people study civics? 2. What principles and ideals form the foundation of the American system of government?3. How has U.S. immigration policy changed since the early 1800s?4. What benefits do people derive from being a citizen of the United States?5. Identify three ways that the populations of countries increase.6. How have migration patterns shifted from the 1800s to the present?