Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 We the People Section 1: Civics in Our Lives"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 1 We the People Section 1: Civics in Our Lives American Civics4/20/2017Chapter 1 We the PeopleSection 1: Civics in Our LivesSection 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?Section 3: The American People TodayChapter 2
2 Section 1: Civics in Our Lives American Civics4/20/2017Section 1: Civics in Our LivesThe Main IdeaAs a U.S. citizen, it is your duty to help preserve freedom and to ensure justice and equality for yourself and all Americans.Reading FocusWhy do we study civics?What are the values that form the basis of the American way of life?What are the roles and qualities of a good citizen?Chapter 2
3 Why Study Civics? Section 1: Civics in Our Lives 1. Civics: 2. Citizen: 3. Being a Citizen a. Roman Citizen b. Citizen today4. Government5. American Citizena. Dutyb. Training
4 B. American Values Section 1: Civics in Our Lives 1. Equality 2. Liberty3. Justice
5 C. Qualities of a Good Citizen Section 1: Civics in Our LivesC. Qualities of a Good Citizen1. Voting in Electionsa. Representatives responsible to citizenb. Voters electc. MOST IMPORTANT RESPONSIBILITY2. Expressing Opinions3. Being an Effective Citizen
6 American Ideals Section 1 Question: What ideals form the basis of the U.S. government and the American way of life?American IdealsFreedomEquality
7 Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? The Main IdeaThroughout history, immigrants have brought their languages, ideas, beliefs, hopes, and customs to the United States. Their ways of life are constantly mixing with and influencing the culture of Americans who came before.Reading FocusWho are “Americans,” and from where did they come?What changes have occurred in U.S. immigration policy since the early 1800s?How does a person become a U.S. citizen?
8 A. Americans are from everywhere American Civics4/20/2017Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens?A. Americans are from everywhere1. Heritage 2. Immigrant a. Melting Pot b. Salad Bowl 3. Blending 4. Early Americans5. Immigrants a. Native Americans b. Spain c. French d. English e. Dutch, Swedes f. AfricansChapter 2
9 B. Immigration Policy Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? 6. Who is Preferred a. Husbands, wives, b. children of US citizens c. Having job skills d. Aliens1. Resources attracted people s Immigration laws a. Chinese Exclusion Act s Quotas 4. Immigration Act of Quota Numbers
10 C. US Citizens Section 2: Who Are U.S. Citizens? 1. Citizenship by birth2. Naturalized citizens3. Legal Aliens4. Illegal aliensa. Immigration Reform and Control Act (1986)5. Refugees
11 right to hold public office Section 2Question: What are the benefits of U.S. citizenship?voting rightsBenefits of Citizenshipright to hold public officefreedom of job choice
12 The U.S. population continues to grow and change today. Section 3: The American People TodayThe Main IdeaThe U.S. population continues to grow and change today.Reading FocusWhy is the census important?In what ways does population grow and change?What has changed about the American population over the years?For what reasons have Americans moved and settled in new areas over the course of U.S. history?
13 A. Census Information Section 3: The American People Today 1. Definition2. Every 10 years3. US population continues to growa. 2000—281,000, —310,000,000+4. Census determines congressional apportionment4. Census collects demographicsa. Definition
14 Section 3B. Population Growth1. Birth rate 2. Death rate census census 5. Added territory 6. Immigration
15 C. Population Changes1. Changing households a. Divorce b. Fewer children c. Fewer marriages 2. Women’s roles a. Work outside of home b. College educated
16 C. Population changes cont… 3. Older population a. Centenarians 4. Diverse population a. Population on the move i. Migration to cities ii. Suburbs iii. Migration
17 SECTION 3 Minority Group Conditions / Concerns African Americans making gains toward equality, but statistics still show members are lagging in education, employment, and income; becoming more politically activeHispanicsrapidly growing population; trailing in income and education; diverse populationAsian Americanscontrast between first-generation immigrants, who are often poor, and second-generation, many of whom succeed educationally and financially; viewed as "model minority," although this term is resentedAmerican Indiansoften live on reservations; high poverty and poor education; encouraged to assimilate; taking steps to establish sources of income and better schoolsWhite Ethnicsincludes some who assimilate quickly and others who remain victims of prejudice and discrimination; making gains in religious tolerance; good education level
18 Chapter 1 Wrap-Up 1. Why do people study civics? 2. What principles and ideals form the foundation of the American system of government?3. How has U.S. immigration policy changed since the early 1800s?4. What benefits do people derive from being a citizen of the United States?5. Identify three ways that the populations of countries increase.6. How have migration patterns shifted from the 1800s to the present?