2 Words to KnowForeign Policy: A nation’s overall plan for dealing with other nations.National Security: The ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm.Treaty: A formal agreement between the govts. of 2 or more countries.Executive Agreement: An agreement between the president and the leader of another country.Ambassador: An official representative of a countries govt.Trade Sanction: An effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers.Embargo: An agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation.
3 President and Foreign Policy Basic goal of American foreign policy is national security.International trade is a key goal as well:Trade with other nations is vital to economic prosperityCreates markets for American goodsPromoting world peace key goal:Wars that U.S. are not involved with can disrupt trade and national securityPromote democracy around the world:Encourages peace which helps protect our national security
4 President and Foreign Policy cont. Executive branch is where president and assistant work with foreign policy:State Dept.Defense Dept.CIANational Security CouncilAgencies help make the president very powerful in foreign affairs:Give president valuable information
5 Tools of Foreign Policy Methods used to influence nations to carry out foreign policy:Creating treatiesAppointing ambassadorsDirecting foreign aidDirecting international tradeDirecting military forces
6 Creating Treaties and Executive Agreements Some based on defenseAlliesNorth Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO):Defense treaty between U.S., Canada, and the nations of EuropeSenate must approve treaties by a 2/3rds vote:President can bypass senate by making an Executive AgreementAgreement between president and leaders of other countries
7 Appointing Ambassadors President appoints 150 ambassadors:Must be approved by the senateSent only to those countries where the U.S. recognizes , or accepts, the legal existence of the govt.
8 Foreign AidMoney, food, military assistance, or other supplies given to help other countries.
9 International TradePresident can make agreements with other nations about what products may be traded and the rules for trading.Trade SanctionsAnother punishing tool is the embargo
10 Military ForcePresident may use military to carry out some foreign policy decisions.