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Making Foreign Policy Chapter 7 Section 3.

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Presentation on theme: "Making Foreign Policy Chapter 7 Section 3."— Presentation transcript:

1 Making Foreign Policy Chapter 7 Section 3

2 Words to Know Foreign Policy: A nation’s overall plan for dealing with other nations. National Security: The ability to keep the country safe from attack or harm. Treaty: A formal agreement between the govts. of 2 or more countries. Executive Agreement: An agreement between the president and the leader of another country. Ambassador: An official representative of a countries govt. Trade Sanction: An effort to punish another nation by imposing trade barriers. Embargo: An agreement among a group of nations that prohibits them all from trading with a target nation.

3 President and Foreign Policy
Basic goal of American foreign policy is national security. International trade is a key goal as well: Trade with other nations is vital to economic prosperity Creates markets for American goods Promoting world peace key goal: Wars that U.S. are not involved with can disrupt trade and national security Promote democracy around the world: Encourages peace which helps protect our national security

4 President and Foreign Policy cont.
Executive branch is where president and assistant work with foreign policy: State Dept. Defense Dept. CIA National Security Council Agencies help make the president very powerful in foreign affairs: Give president valuable information

5 Tools of Foreign Policy
Methods used to influence nations to carry out foreign policy: Creating treaties Appointing ambassadors Directing foreign aid Directing international trade Directing military forces

6 Creating Treaties and Executive Agreements
Some based on defense Allies North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO): Defense treaty between U.S., Canada, and the nations of Europe Senate must approve treaties by a 2/3rds vote: President can bypass senate by making an Executive Agreement Agreement between president and leaders of other countries

7 Appointing Ambassadors
President appoints 150 ambassadors: Must be approved by the senate Sent only to those countries where the U.S. recognizes , or accepts, the legal existence of the govt.

8 Foreign Aid Money, food, military assistance, or other supplies given to help other countries.

9 International Trade President can make agreements with other nations about what products may be traded and the rules for trading. Trade Sanctions Another punishing tool is the embargo

10 Military Force President may use military to carry out some foreign policy decisions.

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