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The President and the Executive Branch Chapter 7 Notes.

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1 The President and the Executive Branch Chapter 7 Notes

2 Bellwork If you were President what would you do? Write a good full paragraph.

3 The President QualificationsBackgroundTerm of office ElectionSalary and Benefits

4 Qualifications 1. must be 35 years old 2. Native born US citizen 3. live in the US for 14 years

5 Background Most were White men Most were well educated All but 1 was protestant Many were lawyers Most had won election before Most came from states with large populations

6 Terms of office Elected every 4 years Can only be elected twice Elected by the Electoral College

7 Salary and benefits $400,000 a year Get money for expenses and travel Get to use Camp David Live in the White House Have a personal staff

8 Bellwork for section 2 Anticipation Guide Agree/ disagree StatementsAgree/ disagree 1. The President is in charge of the military 2. The president can introduce bills in Congress 3. The vice president is the leader of the party 4. The Senate approves Ambassadors 5. The President can decide not to trade with a country

9 Roles of the President Roles of the President

10 Roles of the President 1. Chief Executive – carries out the nations laws –Makes executive orders- a rule that has the force as a law –Pardon or forgive a person accused of a crime –Issue a reprieve or delay punishment until a higher court hears the case –Grant amnesty of pardon a group of people

11 Roles of the President 2. Chief Diplomat - makes decision on how the US acts towards other countries 3. Commander in Chief - In charge of the military 4. Legislative Leader - Talks with Congress

12 Roles of the President 5. Head of State - living symbol of the United States 6. Economic Leader - deals with problems like unemployment, rising prices, or higher taxes - plans a federal budget

13 Roles of the President 7. Party leader - leader of his political party

14 Bellwork Page 170 1-3

15 Foreign Policy Foreign policy- dealing with other countries National security- to keep the country safe from attack

16 Tools of Foreign Policy ToolsExplain

17 Tools of Foreign Policy 1. Creating Treaties and Executive Agreements 2. Appointing Ambassadors 3.Foreign Aid 4. International Trade 5. Military Force

18 Creating treaties and Executive agreements A treaty is a formal agreement between two countries Must be approved by the Senate Example is NATO Executive agreement- agreement between leaders of another country Does not need Senate approval

19 Appointing Ambassadors Ambassador- an official representative of a country Appoints 150 ambassadors with Senate approval Only sends to countries that the US recognizes Deals with US business in other Countries (example passports)

20 Foreign Aid Money, food, military assistants, or supplies given to other countries

21 International trade President can make arrangements with other countries about what products can be traded and the rules for trading Trade sanctions- efforts to punish countries by imposing trade barriers Embargo- agreement among a group of nations not to trade with a country The US does not trade with Cuba

22 Military Force May use the military to carry out foreign policy

23 Departments Poster 1.What does each department do? 2.Tell the President that created the department. 3.Tell the year it was created. 4.Who is the secretary/Leader today? Due Today

24 Executive Office of the President Created by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1939 Has more than 2000 employees and a $100 million budget Most important parts are White House Office, the Office of Management and Budget, the National Security Council, the Office of Administration, and the Council of Economic Advisers

25 Executive Office of the President Explain White House Office OMB NSC Office of Administration CEA

26 White House Office Presidents closest political advisers Most powerful is the Chief of Staff Others are the deputy chief of staff, the assistant for domestic affairs, the presidents lawyer, appointment secretary, assistant for public relations, assistant for legislative affairs, and press secretary Screen information and people getting to the president.

27 Office of Management and Budget Prepares the federal budget and monitors spending

28 National Security Council Helps the president coordinate US military and foreign policy Includes vice president, secretary of state and defense, and chairmen of the joint chiefs of staff

29 Office of Administration Provides administrative services to all executive offices to the president

30 Council of Economic Advisers Helps the president carry out the role of economic leader Gives president information about employment, taxes, inflation, foreign trade

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