2 Domestic Policy Relates to events within a country Opposite of foreign policyIssues:EconomyHealthTaxesEmploymentEducationCrimeWar/ military
3 Foreign Policy Goals for American Foreign Policy: National Security Promote world peacePromote world democracyEncourages peaceInternational TradeCreates markets & jobs
4 Methods used to carry out foreign policy: Creating Treaties & Executive AgreementsSenate must approve all treaties by 2/3 votePresident bypasses Senate approval by doing executive agreementsAppoint Ambassadors150 ambassadors approved by the SenateSent only to embassies in countries USA recognizesForeign AidMoney, food, military assistance, & other supplies given to help other countriesMarshall Plan
5 Methods used to carry out foreign policy continued: Military ForceUse military to carry out foreign policyInternational TradePresident makes agreements about what items can be traded & rules of tradingPlace trade sanctions & embargos
6 Foreign Policy Can form many unions & alliances Organizations North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Military alliance between USA, Canada, & Europe nationsPurpose: Consult on joint issues, defend (attack on 1, is an attack on all), & stabilize conflicts & countries.Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)Maintain price levels of crude oilCountries: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, Angola, Ecuador, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, & Venezuela
7 OPEC Contributors (Daily): -U.S.consumes20.8 billion barrels of oil daily.-U.S. produces 7.46 million barrels daily.
8 The Student ForumWrite the title of each section on page 1(blue headings).State whether it is foreign or domestic policy.Outline each section (key points).State how each topic may affect you. Describe how.
9 International TradeInternational Trade is a major industry in the world todayImport or export
10 Why do we trade?Trade is one way that we solve the problems of scarcity, in the world.Nations trade goods & services they do not have or cannot produce.Comparative AdvantageAllows a nation to specialize in one specific item, but it can cause over production which trading helps stabilize.Creates Jobs
11 Trade ProblemsConsumers will buy the cheaper product, which can cause: lay-offsBlock trade through tariffs, quotas & trade barriers; which in turn cause high prices.Solution: free trade
12 Free Trade Organizations European Union (EU)No trade barriers on goods, services, & labor between European countries.Created Euros.North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)World Trade Organization (WTO)Organizes negotiations about trade rulesProvides help to economically developing countriesSettles trade disputes
13 International Trade & Foreign Policy Formed: Global Interdependence1 affected, all affectedFree TradeForeign aidInternationalismUnited Nations (UN)
14 United Nations (UN) 191 members Purpose: Maintain international peace Develop friendly relations among nationsPromote justice & cooperationSeek solutions to global problemsCommon Events:Fight: hunger, disease, poverty,& ignorance.Provide help to poor countries with money, health, industry, agriculture, education, etc.Make low interest rate loans for developing countriesProtect children in natural disasters & warsHelp children in developing countriesEducation, death, illnessSecurity CouncilPOWER OF THE UNMembers: U.S., France, UK, China & Russia$ = power / U.S. donates most $$$$$