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Mental Health Unit #3: Ch. 7, 8, and 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Mental Health Unit #3: Ch. 7, 8, and 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mental Health Unit #3: Ch. 7, 8, and 9

2 Key topics of Chapter 7: Good Mental Health
Positive mental Health (5 characteristics) -Pg 171 Pyramid of Needs: Maslow’s Triangle (P,S,B,R,P) Self-Actualization: being the best you can be Personality: Factors that effect it. -Pg. 175 Positive Identity (5 major pieces) -Pg. 178 Developmental Assets -Pg. 179 Factors of a Healthy Identity (6 aspects) Self-esteem & thinking positively Seven Emotions & influence of hormones Responding to your emotions -Pg. 189 Defense mechanisms -Pg. 190

3 Introductory Questions #1 – Ch. 7
Answer the Personal Health Inventory Questions on pg. 10 and later enter your responses using the textbook site: List the FIVE characteristics that demonstrate good mental/emotional health. Look at Fig. 7.1 and write TWO major differences observed with teens. When analyzing Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, what forms the foundation of the pyramid and must be met first? (see pg. 172) What does “self actualization” mean? After reading about all of the factors that play a role in forming your personality, what do think has the greatest impact in shaping your personality? What are developmental assets? Give THREE examples. (use pg. 179)

4 Introductory Questions #2
How does your text define emotions?(see pg. 184) Match the following emotions with their meaning. -Strong affection expressed through words or actions Sadness -Being satisfied, creative, & social Guilt -Understanding how others feel Empathy -Reaction from being hurt or harmed Happiness -Forms from disappointment, rejection leading to discouraged Love -Can increase alertness & can form into a phobia Anger -Feeling responsible for a negative outcome you have no control of Fear When responding to & managing your emotions what are some common defense mechanisms that we use to protect ourselves? (see Fig. 7.4 on pg. 190) What is the best way to deal with guilt? Why is anger one of the most difficult emotions to control?




8 Chapter 8: Stress & Anxiety
Lesson 1: Effects of Stress Lesson 2: Managing Stress Lesson 3: Anxiety and Teen Depression Lesson 4: Being Resilient

9 Introductory Questions #3 – Ch. 8
Read Zoe’s story on Pg. 197 and answer the questions that follow. Define what stress is and explain how perception effects stress. Name the five stressors that seem to cause stress. Name the two body systems that are active during a stressful situation. Name some symptoms that a person will experience when stressed. (pg. 201) What are the stages of stress? (A, R, F) Name three problems caused by stress in the physical, social and mental/emotional.


11 Managing Stress & Anxiety
Chapter 8 Managing Stress & Anxiety

12 Introductory Questions #4
What is the first step in managing stress? Name three things you can do to manage stress. What are the four stress-management techniques suggested by your text? (pg ) Name three symptoms of anxiety. Define what depression is and explain what the two types of depression are. What can you do when you are feeling depressed or feeling anxiety? How does a person become resilient? (lesson 4)

13 Stress Stress: the reaction of the body & mind to everyday challenges & demands. What causes stress? Stressors: anything that causes stress Biological Environmental Cognitive (thinking) Personal behavior Life situations Your perception (act of becoming aware of through the senses) greatly affects your reaction to these stressors.

14 The Body’s Stress Response
The body responds automatically to stressors in three stages: Alarm stage -Body & mind on alert -Adrenaline released Resistance -Prepare for “fight” or “flight” Fatigue -Prolonged exposure to stressor can result in physical, psychological, or pathological fatigue

15 Effects of Stress Mental/Emotional/ Social Physical Effects
Stress can affect daily activities & relationships Difficulty concentrating Mood swings Risks of substance abuse Physical Effects psychosomatic response (physical reaction that results from stress & not illness) Headache Asthma High blood pressure Weakened immune system Sleeping disorders Digestive problems

16 Managing Stress Identify stressors: Manage: Use refusal skills
Life events Moving, graduation, etc. Physical Pollution, injury, lack of sleep Daily hassles Time pressures, deadlines, too much to do Manage: Use refusal skills Plan ahead Sleep! Stay active Eat a balanced diet Avoid drugs

17 Managing Stress: techniques
Stress-management skills: skills that help you handle stress in a healthful, effective way. Redirect your energy Projects, sports, etc Relax Breathing, laughing Stay positive Your perception will affect the way you feel Seek support Talk with someone who can help


19 Anxiety & Teen Depression
Depression: a prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, & sadness. Reactive depression: response to a stressful event; will usually go away will management skills. Major depression: medical condition that requires treatment. Anxiety: the condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen. Fear/dread Sweat, trembling, tension Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, shortness of breath Stress management techniques can also be used for anxiety

20 Getting Help & Building Resiliency
Resiliency: the ability to adapt & recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis. External factors: Family, school, etc. Internal factors: Commitment to learning Positive values Social competence Positive identity Seek support from friends or family. Become more active (physical, community) One should seek professional help if depression begins to interfere with daily activities.

21 Protective Factors Build resiliency by strengthening protective factors: Stand up for your beliefs Be honest Resist negative peer pressure & situations Learn about others Develop a sense of purpose Develop a positive outlook

22 Introductory Questions #4
What is the first step in managing stress? Name three things you can do to manage stress. What are the four stress-management techniques suggested by your text? (pg ) Name three symptoms of anxiety. Define what depression is and explain what the two types of depression are. What can you do when you are feeling depressed or feeling anxiety? How does a person become resilient? (lesson 4)

23 Mental & Emotional Problems
Chapter 9 Mental & Emotional Problems

24 Mental Disorders Mental disorder: an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, & behaviors of a person, preventing them from leading a happy, healthy life. Organic: Caused by a physical illness or injury that affects the brain. Exposure to drugs/toxins, tumors, infections, etc. Functional Psychological cause & does not involve brain damage. Abuse, traumatic experience, heredity, stress, etc.

25 Types of Mental Disorders
Anxiety Disorders Phobia Strong irrational fear of something Obsessive-compulsive Trapped in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviors Panic disorder Sudden unexplained feelings of terror Post-traumatic stress May develop after a terrifying event Mood Disorders: an often organic illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with daily living. Clinical depression Prolonged feelings of sadness & hopelessness Bipolar disorder Extreme mood swings (See fig. 9.1 pg. 227).

26 Types of Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia Severe disorder in which the person loses contact with reality Personality Disorders Think & behave in ways that make it difficult to get along with others Anti-social Borderline personality Passive-aggressive Eating Disorders Conduct Disorders Pattern of behavior in which the rights of others/basic laws are violated. Theft Lying Violence

27 Suicide Prevention See figure 9.2 for warning signs
Initiate a meaningful conversation Show support & ask questions Try to persuade them to seek help Cluster suicides: A series within a short period of time & involving many Depression & alienation can lead to suicidal thoughts Risk factors: History of abuse Previous attempts Family history of emotional disorders or suicides



30 Chapter 9: Mental Disorders
Video: “I am Sam” or “The Awakenings” Please write: -20 statements & -5 questions you have regarding this film.

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