2 Key topics of Chapter 7: Good Mental Health Positive mental Health (5 characteristics) -Pg 171Pyramid of Needs: Maslow’s Triangle (P,S,B,R,P)Self-Actualization: being the best you can bePersonality: Factors that effect it. -Pg. 175Positive Identity (5 major pieces) -Pg. 178Developmental Assets -Pg. 179Factors of a Healthy Identity (6 aspects)Self-esteem & thinking positivelySeven Emotions & influence of hormonesResponding to your emotions -Pg. 189Defense mechanisms -Pg. 190
3 Introductory Questions #1 – Ch. 7 Answer the Personal Health Inventory Questions on pg. 10 and later enter your responses using the textbook site:List the FIVE characteristics that demonstrate good mental/emotional health. Look at Fig. 7.1 and write TWO major differences observed with teens.When analyzing Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, what forms the foundation of the pyramid and must be met first? (see pg. 172) What does “self actualization” mean?After reading about all of the factors that play a role in forming your personality, what do think has the greatest impact in shaping your personality?What are developmental assets? Give THREE examples. (use pg. 179)
4 Introductory Questions #2 How does your text define emotions?(see pg. 184)Match the following emotions with their meaning.-Strong affection expressed through words or actions Sadness-Being satisfied, creative, & social Guilt-Understanding how others feel Empathy-Reaction from being hurt or harmed Happiness-Forms from disappointment, rejection leading to discouraged Love-Can increase alertness & can form into a phobia Anger-Feeling responsible for a negative outcome you have no control of FearWhen responding to & managing your emotions what are some common defense mechanisms that we use to protect ourselves? (see Fig. 7.4 on pg. 190)What is the best way to deal with guilt? Why is anger one of the most difficult emotions to control?
8 Chapter 8: Stress & Anxiety Lesson 1: Effects of StressLesson 2: Managing StressLesson 3: Anxiety and Teen DepressionLesson 4: Being Resilient
9 Introductory Questions #3 – Ch. 8 Read Zoe’s story on Pg. 197 and answer the questions that follow.Define what stress is and explain how perception effects stress.Name the five stressors that seem to cause stress.Name the two body systems that are active during a stressful situation.Name some symptoms that a person will experience when stressed. (pg. 201)What are the stages of stress? (A, R, F)Name three problems caused by stress in the physical, social and mental/emotional.
12 Introductory Questions #4 What is the first step in managing stress?Name three things you can do to manage stress.What are the four stress-management techniques suggested by your text? (pg )Name three symptoms of anxiety.Define what depression is and explain what the two types of depression are.What can you do when you are feeling depressed or feeling anxiety?How does a person become resilient? (lesson 4)
13 StressStress: the reaction of the body & mind to everyday challenges & demands.What causes stress?Stressors: anything that causes stressBiologicalEnvironmentalCognitive (thinking)Personal behaviorLife situationsYour perception (act of becoming aware of through the senses) greatly affects your reaction to these stressors.
14 The Body’s Stress Response The body responds automatically to stressors in three stages:Alarm stage-Body & mind on alert-Adrenaline releasedResistance-Prepare for “fight” or “flight”Fatigue-Prolonged exposure to stressor can result in physical, psychological, or pathological fatigue
15 Effects of Stress Mental/Emotional/ Social Physical Effects Stress can affect daily activities & relationshipsDifficulty concentratingMood swingsRisks of substance abusePhysical Effectspsychosomatic response (physical reaction that results from stress & not illness)HeadacheAsthmaHigh blood pressureWeakened immune systemSleeping disordersDigestive problems
16 Managing Stress Identify stressors: Manage: Use refusal skills Life eventsMoving, graduation, etc.PhysicalPollution, injury, lack of sleepDaily hasslesTime pressures, deadlines, too much to doManage:Use refusal skillsPlan aheadSleep!Stay activeEat a balanced dietAvoid drugs
17 Managing Stress: techniques Stress-management skills: skills that help you handle stress in a healthful, effective way.Redirect your energyProjects, sports, etcRelaxBreathing, laughingStay positiveYour perception will affect the way you feelSeek supportTalk with someone who can help
19 Anxiety & Teen Depression Depression: a prolonged feeling of helplessness, hopelessness, & sadness.Reactive depression: response to a stressful event; will usually go away will management skills.Major depression: medical condition that requires treatment.Anxiety: the condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen.Fear/dreadSweat, trembling, tensionRapid heart rate, lightheadedness, shortness of breathStress management techniques can also be used for anxiety
20 Getting Help & Building Resiliency Resiliency: the ability to adapt & recover from disappointment, difficulty, or crisis.External factors:Family, school, etc.Internal factors:Commitment to learningPositive valuesSocial competencePositive identitySeek support from friends or family.Become more active (physical, community)One should seek professional help if depression begins to interfere with daily activities.
21 Protective FactorsBuild resiliency by strengthening protective factors:Stand up for your beliefsBe honestResist negative peer pressure & situationsLearn about othersDevelop a sense of purposeDevelop a positive outlook
22 Introductory Questions #4 What is the first step in managing stress?Name three things you can do to manage stress.What are the four stress-management techniques suggested by your text? (pg )Name three symptoms of anxiety.Define what depression is and explain what the two types of depression are.What can you do when you are feeling depressed or feeling anxiety?How does a person become resilient? (lesson 4)
24 Mental DisordersMental disorder: an illness of the mind that can affect the thoughts, feelings, & behaviors of a person, preventing them from leading a happy, healthy life.Organic:Caused by a physical illness or injury that affects the brain.Exposure to drugs/toxins, tumors, infections, etc.FunctionalPsychological cause & does not involve brain damage.Abuse, traumatic experience, heredity, stress, etc.
25 Types of Mental Disorders Anxiety DisordersPhobiaStrong irrational fear of somethingObsessive-compulsiveTrapped in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviorsPanic disorderSudden unexplained feelings of terrorPost-traumatic stressMay develop after a terrifying eventMood Disorders: an often organic illness that involves mood extremes that interfere with daily living.Clinical depressionProlonged feelings of sadness & hopelessnessBipolar disorderExtreme mood swings (See fig. 9.1 pg. 227).
26 Types of Mental Disorders SchizophreniaSevere disorder in which the person loses contact with realityPersonality DisordersThink & behave in ways that make it difficult to get along with othersAnti-socialBorderline personalityPassive-aggressiveEating DisordersConduct DisordersPattern of behavior in which the rights of others/basic laws are violated.TheftLyingViolence
27 Suicide Prevention See figure 9.2 for warning signs Initiate a meaningful conversationShow support & ask questionsTry to persuade them to seek helpCluster suicides:A series within a short period of time & involving manyDepression & alienation can lead to suicidal thoughtsRisk factors:History of abusePrevious attemptsFamily history of emotional disorders or suicides