2 What is Stress?Reaction of the body and mind to everyday challenges and demandsStress can affect your physical, mental, and social healthHow much stress you feel depends upon your perception of the event
3 What causes stress? Stressors is anything that causes stress Biological: illnesses, injuriesEnvironmental: poverty, pollution, noiseCognitive: how you perceive a situationPersonal Behavior: tobacco, alcohol, drugsLife Situation: death, divorce, friends
4 Bodies Stress Response Alarm: First stage, body and mind go into high alert. Flight or Fight. Prepares BodyResistance: Second Stage, body adapts and reacts.Fatigue: Third stage, body loses ability to adapt and fatigue sets in. Tired feeling takes over.
5 Stress and Your Health Unavoidable part of life Physical effects: Psychosomatic ResponsePsycho: of the mindSomatic: of the bodyHeadacheAsthmaHigh blood pressureWeakened immune system
6 Stress and Your Body (cont) Mental/Emotional and Social EffectsDifficulty concentratingMood swingsRisk of substance abuse
7 Managing Stress Identify Personal Causes Life events: graduation, moving, illness, divorcePhysical: injury, lack of sleep, drug use, excessive dieting or exerciseDaily Hassles: deadlines, conflicts, time
8 Ways to Manage Stress Plan Ahead Get enough Sleep Physical Activity Eat Nutritious FoodAvoid Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs
9 Stress Management Techniques Redirect EnergyRelaxationPositive OutlookSeek help
10 Anxiety Condition of feeling uneasy or worried about what may happen. Feelings of fearPerspiration, muscle tension, tremblingRapid heart rate, shortness of breath
11 DepressionProlonged feelings of helplessness, hopelessness, and sadness.Reactive: response to a stressful event. Usually goes away on its ownMajor: medical condition requiring treatment.
12 Symptoms of Teen Depression Most young people do not act sad or seem different from their friends.Irritable or restless moodsWithdrawal from friendsChange in appetite or weightFeelings of guilt or worthlessnessSense of hopelessness
13 Suicide The act of intentionally taking one’s own life. Most thoughts of committing suicide are impulsive and temporary, the unfortunate consequence – death or debilitating injury- is permanent.
14 Risk Factors90% of those who kill themselves are suffering from depression or mental disorders.History of physical or sexual abuseAlcohol or drug abuseHistory of previous suicide attemptsFamily history of emotional disorders or suicide
15 Warning SignsVerbal:Direct statements: I want to die, I don’t want to live anymore, I wish I where deadIndirect statements: They will be sorry when I’m gone, Nothing matters, I won’t have to put up with this much longer.Writing poems, songs or lyrics about deathSuicide threats
16 Warning Signs Non-verbal or behavioral Withdrawal from friends Impulsive or bizarre behaviorPreoccupation with giving personal belongings awayViolent actionsSubstance abuseDramatic changes in personality, hygiene or apperarance
17 Helping Others Initiate a meaningful conversation Show interestListenBe patient and understandingShow support and ask questionsRemind them that most problems have solutionsAsk them if they are planning to kill themselvesTry to persuade the person to seek helpGet them to talk with a parent, teacher, counselor,Offer to go with them to get help