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Interpersonal Communication and Relationships Unit 2

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1 Interpersonal Communication and Relationships Unit 2
Achieving Mental and Emotional Health Chapter 3

2 What is Mental and Emotional Health?
Accept yourself and others Express and manage emotions Deal with the demands and challenges of life It is important part of your total health

3 Developing Your Self-Esteem Ch 3, Lesson 1
Characteristics of Good Mental and Emotional Health Sense of belonging – feeling close to others (family, friends, school/support) Sense of purpose – you have value, recognize your importance as an individual

4 Characteristics of Good Mental and Emotional Health
Positive outlook – bright side of life stress and success Self-sufficiency – confidence to make responsible decisions promoting sense of independence and self-assurance Healthy self-esteem – accept and recover from difficulties and failures

5 Good mental and emotional health helps you develop healthy self-esteem
Define self-esteem Define resilient

6 Self-esteem – how much you value, respect, and feel confident about yourself
Good self-esteem will affect your overall attitude and health choices you make How does someone develop self-esteem and/or raise self-esteem?

7 Believe you will succeed, and if you don’t, think about reasons why
Unique abilities – try and try again (new challenges, practice, perspective) “Self-talk” – encourage or criticize? Positive self-talk will strengthen esteem; replace negative thoughts

8 Benefits of Healthy Self-Esteem:
Confidence Try new activities, sports, clubs – learn new tasks, get a job Difference between being good at some things not good at all things Realistic expectations

9 Suggestions to improve self-esteem:
Choose friends who value and respect you Focus on positive aspects Work on accomplishments not perfection Exercise regularly, sleep 8-10 hours/day Volunteer to help someone else Accept the things you can’t change, focus on changing the things you can

10 Resilient – handle stress in positive ways; the ability to adapt effectively and recover from disappointment, difficulty, and crisis

Theory that creates a ranking order of needs for each human to reach their full potential (pg. 70 in Glencoe Health Book) LEVEL 1: PHYSICAL (food,water,sleep,shelter) LEVEL 2: SAFETY (security from danger) LEVEL 3: BELONGING (to love and be loved) LEVEL 4: RECOGNITION (achievement & recognition) LEVEL 5: REACHING POTENTIAL (self-actualization)

12 Mental and Emotional Health Unit 2
Chapter 3, Lesson 2 Developing Personal Identity and Character

13 Personal Identity and Character Traits
Personal Identity: your sense of self as a unique individual Personality: a set of characteristics that makes you unique Student activity – write down a list of characteristics about yourself (at least 5 qualities) on the back of your study guide

14 Character: distinctive qualities that describe how a person thinks, feels, and behaves Character Traits – Integrity (ethical values) Trustworthiness, respect, responsibility, fairness, caring, citizenship – WCPSS School Traits (we follow and practice in school and class)

15 Working toward Positive Identity
Recognize your strengths and weaknesses Demonstrate positive values Develop a purpose in your life Form meaningful relationships Avoid unhealthful high-risk behaviors Contribute to the community Finding something you love to do is one way to promote a healthy identity. Look at page 75, figure 3.7 *Recognize strengths – be honest and realistic; be proud of yourself. *Recognize weakness – set a goal to develop healthy habits with planning and commitment *Demonstrate values – takes practice and courage (WCPSS character trait we focus on this unit) *Develop purpose – setting short-term and long-term goals to achieve *Meaningful relationships – positive support system (family, friends) who help build confidence, encourage improvement *Risk-taking – part of life; healthy risks (sports, new activity, public speaking, making new friends); unhealthy risks (using tobacco, alcohol, or other drugs, reckless driving, gang activity) *Community – extended support system (services & resources to meet your needs); volunteering is a good way to give back and be a good citizen; improves quality of life for others, gives you sense of accomplishment and increases self-esteem

16 Turn to page 75, Figure 3.7, read the “Tips for Promoting a Healthy Identity” and make a list of your skills and strengths… on the same page you listed your characteristics Label the page with the title “My Skills and Strengths” to be turned in at end of lesson for participation grade

17 Mental and Emotional Health Unit 2
Chapter 3, Lesson 3 Expressing Emotions in Healthful Ways

18 Understanding Your Emotions
signals that tell your mind and body how to react Hormones: chemicals produced by your glands that regulate the activities of different body cells

19 Hormones can make you feel as if your emotions are swinging from one extreme to another (i.e. “Mood Swings”). It’s normal to feel overcome by emotions during your teen years

20 Managing Your Emotions Positively through Empathy: the ability to imagine and understand how someone else feels Understand that some people may feel uncomfortable expressing their feelings

21 Learning to recognize and express emotions Ask yourself:
Why do I feel this way? Will this event matter later in life? Why should I wait before responding? What can I do to feel better? Who can I ask to help me deal with these feelings? Finding something you love to do is one way to promote a healthy identity. Look at page 75, figure 3.7

22 Responding to Difficult Emotions using Defense Mechanisms: mental processes that protect individuals from strong or stressful emotions and situations Sometimes used unconsciously but will still need to resolve the problem

23 Common Defense Mechanisms:
Repression Regression Denial Projection Suppression Rationalization Compensation Fill in the definitions – pg. 81, figure 3.11

24 Damaging Emotions Fear Guilt Anger How do you deal with these feelings?

25 Learn to manage damaging emotions:
Handling Fear- recognize the fear Dealing with Guilt – what’s the cause? Managing Anger – most difficult to handle take time to calm down; relax, breathe deep channel energy in a different direction talk with someone you trust

26 Student Activity - Answer the following questions on a sheet of paper to turn in:
What are five common defense mechanisms? List three strategies for handling anger in a healthful way. What role do hormones play in affecting a teenager’s emotions? Describe what can happen when you take time to think before you respond to a strong emotion. How can this help you stay healthy?

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