2 Britain Taxes the Colonies Britain decides to tax the new coloniesBritain needs money to help pay for defending the coloniesFirst tax was the Stamp ActThe law placed a tax on printed materials in the colonies, such as legal documents, newspapers, and even playing cardsWhen items were purchased, people had to place a stamp on the material to show they paid the tax.
3 Colonists ProtestPatrick Henry was first colonist to speak out against the Stamp ActHe spoke to the House of BurgessesBecause of these taxes, colonists began to boycott British goods and formed a group called The Sons of LibertySons of Liberty were groups that led protests against the new tax
4 Colonist Protests continued… Daughters of LibertyWomen began making their own tea out of berries and herbsBegan weaving cloth instead of using British woolBecause of these taxes, colonists started to unite as Americans
5 Committees of Correspondence Samuel Adams felt it took too long for news to travel from one colony to the next.He formed the Committee of Correspondence in BostonThis committee soon was forming in towns all over the coloniesThese committees used fast horses to deliver news of local events to different colonies.
6 Boston Tea Party and the Tea Act After the Townshend Acts were repealed, Britain realized the only tax they would have was the tea tax.This was to show the colonists that Britain still had a right to tax themThe tea act stated only one British company would be able to sell tea to the colonies.Two goals for the Tea Act1- help the struggling East India Company2- get colonists to pay taxes to Britain
7 Boston Tea Party and Tea Act continued… Colonists were not happy with the new taxThey decided that ships bringing British tea would not be allowed to unload in any colonial portOne night, members of the Sons of Liberty disguised themselves as Mohawks and secretly boarded British ships. They chopped open the barrels of tea and dumped them in the Boston harbor.Britain was furious about this action and felt that Boston needed to be punished.
8 Britain punishes Boston Because of the Boston Tea Party, Britain punishes Boston by:Colonists were forced to feed and house British soldiersMassachusetts was put under control of British general named Thomas GageThe port of Boston was closed. No ships could come or go until they paid for the tea they destroyed.The colonists called these new laws Intolerable Acts
9 British punishment/Intolerable Acts continued… The Intolerable Acts also had another effectIt forced many colonists to take sides in the conflict between Britain and BostonPatriots were people who opposed British ruleLoyalists were people who remained loyal, or supported British rule
10 No Taxation…“No Taxation without representation” was a protest cry by the colonistsThe colonists had been self governed for years. Since the colonists did not vote in Britain, they had no representation there. The colonists believed that the British had no right to tax them.
11 Continental CongressGeorge Washington was ready to lead men into battle to relieve BostonHe fought for Britain in the French/Indian War and now was ready to fight against themThis congress met to vote on what actions the colonists would take against Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealedAgreed to stop all trade with BritainAgreed that each colony should begin training a militia, volunteer armiesAgreed to meet in one year if situation has not improved
12 The Revolution BeginsBritish soldiers begin their march toward ConcordPatriots militias stored weapons in ConcordBritish wanted their march to be secretPaul Revere had learned of their secret plans, and he rode on his horse shouting the news that the British are coming
13 Shot Heard Around the World The first battle was in LexingtonLexington minutemen gathered to “stand up” against the BritishBritish soldiers marched into Lexington and surrounded the Lexington minutemenWhen surrounded, someone fired a shot (no one is sure who) and British soldiers opened fire killing eight minutemenBecause of this, the battle was known as “the shot heard around the world”
14 Battle of ConcordMilitia from nearby towns began pouring into Concord to helpSuddenly the Patriots had an advantage over the BritishBritish began a long retreat back to Boston
15 Battle of Bunker HillWilliam Prescott led 1200 men up the hills of CharlestonIf the Patriots control Bunker and Breed Hill, they could bring up their cannons and fire on British in Boston.Their goal was to force the British to leave BostonIt did not workBritish won the Battle of Bunker Hill, but more then 1,000 soldiers were killed or wounded