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 Homework: › Page 268 places, people and vocabulary  Do Now: › Please start a new section in your notebooks or iPads, labeled Chapter 8 › What do you.

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Presentation on theme: " Homework: › Page 268 places, people and vocabulary  Do Now: › Please start a new section in your notebooks or iPads, labeled Chapter 8 › What do you."— Presentation transcript:

1  Homework: › Page 268 places, people and vocabulary  Do Now: › Please start a new section in your notebooks or iPads, labeled Chapter 8 › What do you believe is worth fighting for? Is there anything you feel very strongly about that you’d be willing to go to war over? Create a list in your notes

2  No Homework  Do Now: Have out last night’s homework › Read page 269: Why did British leaders decide to tax the colonists? Why did they feel it was okay? How did they justify it?

3  George Grenville’s plan: Tax the colonies! › Money raised from taxing would be used to help pay the costs of defending the colonies  King George III and Paliament supported the idea of taxing the colonists › To them, the tax seemed fair › The colonists were benefitting from the British army, so the colonists should help pay costs

4  In 1765, Parliament passed the Stamp Act › Placing a tax on printed materials in the colonies such as legal documents, newspapers, and playing cards › Whenever a colonist bought these items, they had to purchase a stamp to show they paid for the item  “No Taxation without representation!” › Colonists never had a say in Parliament so they believed they should not be taxed

5  Patrick Henry, a young Virginia lawyer, was not afraid to speak out against the Stamp Act  In Williamsburg, Virginia, Henry went in front of the House of Burgesses (colony’s legislature) › Made an intense speech warning King George III that he had no right to tax the colonists  Other colonists were inspired and protested the new tax

6  October 1765: leaders of 9 colonies held a meeting in NYC where they urged Parliament to repeal the Stamp Act  Colonies were beginning to unite against British taxes  Samuel Adams of Massachusetts soon became a very important leader

7  Homework: › Page 273 # 3 & 4  Do Now: › How did the colonists respond to the Stamp Act? Include any important people who played a role.

8  Samuel Adams organized the Sons of Liberty › A group of protesters against the new tax › these groups were started in all different towns throughout the colonies  Members burned stamps and threatened stamp agents › People who were hired to collect the stamp taxes

9  In Boston, Adams and other members made a life size puppet and hung it from a tree  They hung a sign on the puppet that said “What greater joy did New England see, than a stamp man hanging from a tree.”  Threats worked! No agent dared to sell the stamps

10  Leaders in Britain saw that it was not going to work so they repealed the Stamp Act in 1766  Colonists celebrated, but Britain still felt they had the right to tax the colonies

11  Charles Townshend was the treasurer of Britain  He agreed with the King – Britain has a right to tax the colonies!  1767 – Parliament passes the Townshend Acts

12  Placed a tariff (tax on imported goods) on paper, wool, tea, and other goods imported from Britain  These acts were used not only to get money but to show the colonies who was really in CHARGE

13  The acts caused colonies to protest AGAIN!  From New Hampshire to Georgia colonists boycott British imports › A refusal to buy goods  Colonists rather not have British goods than pay the new taxes

14  Homework: page 282 # 2,3,4  Do Now: In your own words, describe the Boston Massacre

15  In 1773, Committees of Correspondence began writing about the Tea Act › A new law that said the East India Tea Company would be the ONLY company allowed to sell tea to the colonies  This meant that if you owned a store in the colonies, you could only buy and sell the tea from that company (YOU HAD TO PAY THE TAX)

16  There was 2 goals: › Help the struggling business – The East India Company › Get the colonists to pay taxes to the British

17  The colonists had refused to pay taxes up until now…WHY SHOULD THEY START?!?  The colonies declared that ships bringing British tea would not be allowed to unload in any colonial port

18  In 1773, 3 British ships carrying tea were at Boston Harbor  The members of the Sons of Liberty dressed as Mohawk Native Americans and rowed out to the ships › They were shouting “Boston Harbor a teapot tonight!  They opened the chests of tea and dumped it into the Harbor…Britain was furious  Britain believed the colonists must be punished!

19  New laws were enforced! › The British soldiers were sent back into Boston › The colonists must house and feed the soldiers › The colony of Massachusetts was put under the rule of British general Thomas Gage › The port of Boston was CLOSED until the colonists would pay for the tea they had destroyed  These new laws became known as the Intolerable Acts to the colonists

20  The economy of Boston was hurt and many people were out of work  Other colonies began sending food, money and supplies  Colonists must choose sides between Boston and Britain › Patriots vs. Loyalists

21  Homework: Complete classwork (patriot or loyalist?)  Do Now: › Review homework with a partner › Individually in your notes, what is the Continental Congress?

22  September 1774 – representatives from all colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia  This became known as the First Continental Congress  George Washington represented Virginia › A wealthy farmer and member of the Virginia House of Burgesses

23  Washington and his fellow Patriots voted to stop all trade with Britain until the Intolerable Acts were repealed  They also voted to form militias in each colony › Volunteer armies › Some colony armies called themselves minutemen because they could be ready at a minute’s notice

24  March 1755 Patrick Henry makes a famous speech in Richmond, Virginia: › Warned Virginia’s militias to prepare for battle › “I know not what course others may take, but as for me, give me liberty or give me death !”  King George III was also not willing to back down.  Both knew war was about to begin

25  If you were a colonist in 1773, would you choose to be a patriot or a loyalist? Explain (minimum 1 paragraph response)

26  Homework: page 291 2,3,4  Do Now: please take out last night’s homework (page 286)

27  April 8, 1775 – 700 British soldiers began marching from Boston to Concord › A town about 20 miles northwest of Boston  British soldiers were on their way to “seize and destroy” the weapons that the colonial militias had been storing in Concord

28  There were rumors that they wanted to arrest Samuel Adams and John Hancock, both men were staying in Lexington  They did not want either of the militias in Lexington or Concord to know they were coming  They ordered no one was allowed to leave Boston

29  Paul Revere had gotten word about the British  He set out to warn the militias › He rowed across the Charles River › He then rode through the streets warning the British are coming  William Dawes, a shoemaker, talked his way out of Boston › He rode towards Lexington to spread the warning

30  Revere reached Lexington first warning Adams and Hancock › They prepared for their escape  Revere and Dawes met up and rode towards Concord together  Samuel Prescott joined them  British soldiers spotted the 3 riders › Revere was captured › Dawes jumped from the horse and ran into the woods › Prescott rode on to warn the Concord militia

31  5 AM on April 19 th – the drums were sounded › This was the warning to get ready  John Parker, captain of the Lexington minutemen gave the soldiers orders › Don’t fire until fired upon  Someone fired, no one is sure who › Battle begins! › 8 minutemen killed and 9 wounded › Only 1 British soldier was wounded

32  That first shot at Lexington becme known as the shot heard round the world  The British marched off from Lexington towards Concord › The militias were ready for the British › The British must retreat back to Boston but suffered many losses – 250 soldiers were killed or wounded  THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION HAS BEGUN


34  Homework: vocabulary review sheet  Do Now: Sequence events of the American Revolution (Entrance Card)

35  Colonel William Prescott marched 1,200 Patriot men to the hills of Charlestown  If they could control these hills, they could bring up cannons and fire down at the British  They built a fort on Breed’s Hill › More than 2,000 British soldiers prepared to attack

36  British ships fired on the fort  Prescott’s men waited  The British began to march up the hill to the fort  Again, Prescott’s men waited  Finally, once the British were close, the men fired back  The British were pushed back twice

37  Prescott’s men were now low on ammunition  The British attacked a third time › This is known as the Battle of Bunker Hill  The British won this battle › Although they lost, Patriots were proud of the way they had fought

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