Presentation on theme: "Footsteps to Revolution The Causes of the American Revolution."— Presentation transcript:
Footsteps to Revolution The Causes of the American Revolution
French and Indian War 1754-1763 British and American Colonists vs France, Spain, and their Indian allies British won! This was a costly war, and the British felt that the colonists should help pay for the war since it was fought in their defense. The colonists disagreed and were angered by taxation.
Proclamation of 1763 After the French and Indian War ended, the British passed a law stating that the colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. This angered the colonists because they wanted to settle this land.
Townshend Acts, 1767 Placed a tax on all goods imported by the colonies. These included glass, lead, paper, and tea. Again the colonists boycotted British goods.
Protests The Colonists protested the taxes because they had no representation in Parliament. One method was to boycott British goods. This was effective for a short time until a new tax was created. Other methods were more violent such as tarring and feathering tax collectors.
Tea Act, 1773 The British East India Company was given the right to ship tea to the colonies tax free. Tea from any other merchants was taxed. In response, many colonists boycotted tea.
Boston Tea Party, 1773 Three ships of the British East India Company were docked in Boston Harbor. On December 16, 1773, the Boston Sons of Liberty dressed like Indians and boarded the ships and threw the tea overboard. The tea was worth thousands of pounds.
The Intolerable Acts, 1774 Parliament and King George III reacted harshly to the Boston Tea Party. They closed Boston Harbor until the Massachusetts citizens paid for the tea. Town meetings were forbidden. Boston citizens had to keep British soldiers in their own homes.
The First Continental Congress, September, 1774 Delegates from all colonies except Georgia met in Philadelphia to discuss the growing problem. This group called itself the First Continental Congress. Since it was the newest colony, Georgia still had close ties to Britain. The Continental Congress voted to boycott British goods in all colonies. They decided that all colonists should form militias which are groups of citizen soldiers. These militias called themselves minutemen because they could be ready to fight at a minute’s notice.
The British Army Acts, April, 1775 The British had 3,000 soldiers in and around Boston. Parliament sent orders to take away all weapons from the Massachusetts militia and arrest the leaders. On April 18, the British army began to prepare to march out of the city to carry out these orders.
The Shot Heard Around the World The minutemen first met the British Army at Lexington in the early morning of April 19, 1775. The minutemen defeated the British at Concord and chased them back to Boston. The American Revolution had begun.
Timeline Create a timeline listing the events that led to the American Revolution. Begin with The French and Indian War. End at The American Revolution