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Location: Gulf Coast of MexicoOlmec Civilization: The Mesoamerican Frontrunners (1200 BC – 500 BC) Location: Gulf Coast of Mexico
Olmec Civilization Highly centralized government Strict hierarchyNo specific rulers are known
Olmec Civilization PolytheisticPracticed bloodletting as a form of sacrifice Human sacrifice (maybe?) Religious activities performed by a combination of rulers & priests
Olmec Civilization May have been the first civilization in the western hemisphere to develop a system of written language Calendar Concept of zero
Olmec Civilization Possible Explanations for Decline: Not knownOutside invaders? Internal destruction?
Location: Yucatan PeninsulaMayan Civilization (AD 250 – 900) Location: Yucatan Peninsula
Mayan Civilization Composed of city-states Each contained: Its own ruler, farmland & an urban center built around ceremonial temples
Mayan Civilization Polytheistic Offerings of food, flowers & incenseSacrificed humans (generally peasants) Worshipped nature gods
Mayan Civilization Written language; similar to hieroglyphicsSystem of numbers that included zero Accurate 365-day solar calendar
Mayan Civilization Society:Men cultivated crops, while women processed them To support Mayan cities, farmers paid taxes in food
Mayan Civilization Possible Explanations for Decline: Frequent warfareOverpopulation over farming soil exhaustion Peasant revolts
Aztec Civilization (AD 100 to 1500s)Location: Mexico Valley
Aztec Civilization Single ruler – unified empireTheocratic government characterized by frequent warfare Built an empire in Tenochtitlan by conquering neighboring civilizations
Aztec Civilization PolytheisticWorshipped over 1, gods, but the sun god was the most important; his name was Huitzilopochtli Made human sacrifices
Aztec Civilization Social Hierarchy: KingNobles (officials, judges, etc.) Warriors Commoners (farmers) Slaves (criminals & POWs)
Aztec Civilization Explanation for Decline:Conquered by the Spanish (led by Hernando Cortes) Conquest led to destruction & epidemic disease, specifically smallpox
Incan Civilization (1400s – 1500s)Location: Peru (South America)
Incan Civilization Incan Government:Very efficient with many different levels Record keeping & tax collection
Incan Civilization The emperor (aka the Inca) had total control over the empire Claimed that he was the son of the sun, or divine… Therefore, he also served as the chief religious leader
Incan Civilization Polytheistic Believed in nature godsInti, the sun god, was most important Offerings of food & clothing
Incan Civilization Built 12,000 miles of road to unite empireRunners were posted along Incan roads to relay messages of rebellions & natural disasters
Incan Civilization No flat land for farmingIn order to overcome this challenge, farmers used terraces – strips of flat land carved into steep hillsides
Incan Civilization Explanation for Decline:Weakness within the empire led to vulnerability Conquered by the Spanish (led by Francisco Pizarro)
Civilizations Of The Americas (1400B.C.-A.D.1570)
Early American Civilizations Mesoamerica. Introduction Several great civilizations arose in present-day Mexico and in Central and South America. The most.
Civilizations of the Americas
1. What were the two most important trade items in Ghana? 2. Describe the importance of Mansa Musa. 3. Explain the Bantu migrations and its’ importance.
Early Civilizations in Mesoamerica
U8LG2 – MESOAMERICA MAYANS, AZTECS, INCAS. MAYAN CIVILIZATION Located on the Yucatan Peninsula. Flourished between A.D. 300 and 900. It was one of the.
SSWH8 The student will demonstrate an understanding of the development of societies in Central and South America.
Mayan, Aztec, Inca 11a,b.
Civilizations of Latin America
People and Empires in the Americas
Table of Contents: Mesoamerican Civilizations Aim: What were the accomplishments of the Mesoamerican Native Americans.
Aztecs & Inca.
As early as 30,000 years ago, small groups of Paleolithic hunters and gathers reached north America from Asia. This migration took place during the.
Ancient American Civilizations A civilization can be defined as “an advanced culture.” Basic features of early civilizations included the building of cities,
Mesoamerican & Andean Civilizations
Essential Question: What led to the rise & fall of the Olmec, Mayan, Aztec, & Inca Empires in America? demonstrate understanding of the development of.
Bell Quiz: Use textbooks and notes to answer the following questions
Civilizations of the Americas (1400 B.C.-A.D. 1570)
Early American Civilizations. The Earliest Americans Between 30,000 – 10,000 BC, nomadic groups crossed a land bridge (created by falling sea levels during.
Agenda: Grab 1 marker for today and get in uniform. Open notebook to acrostic (First People) Mapping the Maya, Aztec, and Inca people Daily focus on one.
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