Presentation on theme: "Understanding the Virginia Driver’s Manual"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding the Virginia Driver’s Manual Lesson 3Right of Way
2 Right of Way ConceptsRight-of-Way is not a right or privilege – it must be given!Right of Way is determined by a set of rulesDrivers must understand right-of-way rules governingIntersectionsMergesSpecial conditions
3 Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections We will Determine Who Should Yield In The Following SituationsControlled IntersectionsUncontrolled IntersectionsSingle or two-lane roadsintersecting with multiple-lane roadsWhen turning left“T” IntersectionsRailroad grade crossings
4 Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections Controlled IntersectionsA controlled intersection has signs or signals toregulate the flow of trafficSigns and/or signalsdetermine who should yieldregulate the flow of traffic and pedestrians
5 Uncontrolled or 4-Way Stop Intersections An uncontrolled intersection has NO signs or signals to regulate the flow of trafficA 4-way stop has a stop sign at each cornerFirst Car RuleSame Time RuleVehicles approaching an intersection must yield to vehicles already in the intersectionWhen two or more vehicles approach an intersection at approximately the same time, the driver of the vehicle on the left shall yield the right-of-way to the vehicle on the right
6 Uncontrolled or 4-Way Stop Intersections In these illustrations, the Blue Car must yield the right-of-way.
7 Testing Your Knowledge ABIf both of these vehicles arrive at this uncontrolled intersection at the same time, who must yield?a. Car Ab. Car B
8 Testing Your Knowledge a. Car aCorrect!At and UNCONTROLLED INTERSECTION or 4-WAY STOP if two vehicles approach at the same time, the vehicle on the left must yield
9 Right–of–Way Concepts: Intersections T-IntersectionsAt a T-intersection, the vehicle on the side street must stop and yield right of wayWho must yield in these two scenarios?Traffic CirclesVehicles entering the traffic circle shall yield to vehicles already in the intersection
10 Testing Your Knowledge Who must yield at a trafficcircle (roundabout)?a. Vehicles in the circleb. Vehicles entering the circle
11 Testing Your Knowledge b. Vehicles entering the circleCorrect!Vehicles entering a traffic circle must yield to vehicles already in the circle
12 Right–of–Way Concepts: Emergency Vehicles With a partner:Discuss the laws of yielding to emergency vehicles and school buses.
13 Right–of–Way Concepts: Emergency Vehicles Yield the Right-of-Way to Emergency VehiclesVehicles must yield the right-of-way to police, fire, and rescue vehicles using a siren and/or flashing lightsIf traffic is congested and prevents moving to the right edge of the road, adjust lane position and leave a clear path for the emergency vehicle to pass.On an undivided highway, all traffic must pull over to the edge of the road and allow the emergency vehicle to pass.
14 Right–of–Way Concepts: Pedestrians Yield the Right-of-Way to PedestriansIntersectionsCrosswalksMaking Right TurnsMaking Left Turns
15 Right–of–Way Concepts: School Bus Yield the Right-of-Way to School BusesAll traffic must stop for a school bus with flashing red lights and an extended stop signUNLESSthe school bus is traveling on the opposite side of a highway separated by a physical barrier or unpaved median area.
16 Right–of–Way Concepts: School Bus If a School Bus is loading or unloading students on a two lane road, traffic from both directions must stopAt an intersection, all traffic must stopIn these illustrations, the RED cars must STOP and YIELD Right-of-Way
17 Right of Way Concepts: School Bus Vehicles traveling on the opposite side of a divided highway separated by a barrier or unpaved median do not have to stopIn this illustration, the RED cars must STOP and YIELD Right-of-Way
18 Railroad Crossings Railroad crossings are specialized intersections Passing and overtaking is not permittedVirginia law requires certain vehicles (e.g., school buses, oil tankers, etc.) to stop at all railroad crossingsIf you follow one of these “Must STOP Vehicles”, be prepared to stop, since you cannot pass or overtake them at an intersection
19 Railroad CrossingsAdvance warning signs – a round, yellow sign with a black “ RR” indicates a highway-rail crossing is ahead - be prepared to stopPavement markings – “RR” painted on the pavement - be prepared to stopCrossbuck signs are like yield signs – drivers must YIELD to trainsSlow down and be prepared to stop when you see the crossbuck sign.A sign below the crossbuck indicates the number of tracks drivers must cross
20 Railroad Crossings Flashing red lights and warning bells STOP - if you see flashing red lights or hear warning bellsGates - flashing red lights and/or bells STOP Never go around the gates, it’s against the lawFlag operator - Proceed only when given the “all clear” signalTrain whistle - STOP if you hear a train whistle, or see a trainCross when the gates are up, the lights and bells stop, and all tracks are clear in both directions!
21 Railroad Crossings Most Train/Vehicle Crashes Result from Driver Error Topic 3 Lesson 2Most Train/Vehicle Crashes Result from Driver ErrorA train going 50 mph takes 1.5 miles to stop (on average).A car going 55 mph takes about 200 feet to stop.REMEMBER: A train cannot swerve or stop quickly to avoid a crash.Trains do not and cannot stop at crossings — Consequently, the vehicle driver is responsible for avoiding the collision.Remember:Don’t drive onto the tracks unless you have enough room on the other side.Don’t change gears while crossing.Be extra careful at night and in low visibility conditions.If the gate starts lowering as you are crossing, keep going, don’t stop and don’t back up.Don’t pass other vehicles at the crossing.T – 1.18
22 Railroad CrossingsThis is what could happen if you cross paths with a train.Car vs. Train...Car Always LosesCross when the gates are up, the lights and bells stop, and all tracks are clear in both directions!
23 Testing Your Knowledge You must always stop for a stopped school bus with it flashing lights and stop arm unlessa. You are at an intersectionb. There are no children loading or unloadingc. There is a median between you and the bus
24 Testing Your Knowledge c. There is a median between you and the busCorrect!You must always stop for a school bus with flashing lights and a stop arm unless there is a median between you and the bus
25 Testing Your Knowledge When you approach this sign, you shoulda. stopb. proceed with cautionc. slow down, look and listen for trains
26 Testing Your Knowledge c. slow down, look and listen for trainsCorrect!The crossbuck should be regarded as a yield signDrivers should slow down, listen and look for trains and be prepared to stop
27 UNLESS OTHERWISE POSTED Speed LimitsA speed limit is the maximum legal speed you can travel on a road under ideal conditionsBasic Speed LimitsSchool, Business or Residential Zones 25 MPHRural Expressway (Interstates) 70 MPHRustic Roadways MPHAll other roadways MPHUNLESS OTHERWISE POSTED
28 Speed LimitsThe 2010 Virginia General Assembly raised the maximum allowable speed limit in Virginia to 70 MPH.These 70 MPH speed zones will only apply to roadways specifically designated by VDOT.Driving above 80 MPH will still constitute reckless driving.