Presentation on theme: "Poetry --type of literature that uses the sounds, rhythms, and meanings of words to describe the world."— Presentation transcript:
1 Poetry--type of literature that uses the sounds, rhythms, and meanings of words to describe the world
2 Lines and Stanzas Poetry is divided differently than other writing. Lines- Poetry is divided into groups of words.Stanzas- Groups of lines (similar to a paragraph)
3 Word Meaning Many poets use words in many ways. Connotation- the FIGURATIVE meaning of a word or group of words.Denotation- the LITERAL meaning of a word or group of words.Diction- The way a writer chooses their words.Writers choose words for specific reasons to create “images” and meaning.
4 Oral Interpretation Poetry is meant to be read aloud. Poets are MASTERS of language.When you read poetry, be aware of how it can be read aloud.Oral Interpretation- a speaker’s interpretation on the sense and sound of the language of poetry.
5 Rhyme/RhythmBecause poetry is to be read aloud, there are things to pay special attention to…Rhyme- the repetition of sounds at the ends of words.Rhyme Scheme- a consistent pattern of end rhyme throughout a poem.
6 Figurative LanguagePoets use figurative language to share their perceptions and insights.Figurative Language- language that is not meant to be taken literally.Simile- a comparison of unlike things using like or as.Metaphor- a comparison of unlike things without using like or as.Alliteration- repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.
7 Figurative Language Cont. Onomatopoeia- words that imitate soundsHyperbole- an extreme exaggerationPersonification- giving human characteristics to a nonhuman object.Write examples of figurative language on your notes!
8 Sensory LanguagePoets also use sensory language to create images in the reader’s mind.Sensory Language- words/phrases that appeal to the five senses (sight, sound, touch, taste, smell)-Tangy orange- Rustling leaves-Rough sand- Odorous garbage
9 SyntaxPoets will rearrange words depending on what effect they want to create.Syntax- how words and phrases are arranged to create different types of sentences and phrases.
10 Prose/Verse Prose- writing that is not in poetic form EssaysStoriesArticlesLettersVerse- poetry- ideas written in lines
11 Types of Poetry Poetry Definition Narrative Poetry tells a story. Have similar elements to stories such as plot and charactersBalladsSonglike poems that tell stories. Deal with adventure or romanceHaiku3 lined poem-Line 1- 5 syllablesLine 2- 7 syllablesLine 3- 5 syllablesConcretePoems shaped to look like their subjects. Arranges lines to look like a pictureFree VerseLacks structure- No regular rhyme, line length, or stanza patternLimericksHumorous, rhyming five-line poems. They have specific rhyme patterns.LyricExpresses thoughts and feelings of a single speaker, highly musical