Presentation on theme: "Presented by Souha Aranout"— Presentation transcript:
1 Presented by Souha Aranout What is Communicative Language Teaching Strategy?PreziPreziPreziPreziPreziPresented by Souha AranoutFacilitator: Teaching English As a Second Language
2 Goal of Communicative Approach The Communicative approach emphasizes the ability to communicate the message in terms of its meaning, instead of concentrating exclusively on grammatical perfection or phonetics.
3 History of Communicative Approach Communicative Language Teaching is a natural follow-on from the reaction during the 70s against previous methods which over-focused on teaching grammatical structures and template sentences, and which gave little or no importance to how language is actually used practically
4 Features and Principles of Strategy 1) Focus on meaning.2) Communicative competence is the desired goal.3) Learner-centered.4) Fluency is the primary goal.5) Students are expected to interact with other people, either in oral practice.6) Dialogues, if used, center around communicative functions.7) Intrinsic motivation will spring from an interest in what is being communicated by the language.8) Task-based.
5 Intended Learning Goals Communication in the classroom is achieved by creating real-life situations. Task-based activities are developed to ensure that communication takes place between the learners.
6 CharacteristicsUnderstanding occurs through active student interaction.Teaching occurs by using authentic English texts.Students not only learn the second language but they also learn strategies for understandingImportance is given to learners’ personal experiences and situations, which are considered as an invaluable contribution to the content of the lessonsUsing the new language in unrehearsed contexts creates learning opportunities outside the classroom
7 Teacher’s RoleTo facilitate or guide the communication process in the classroomTo act as an independent participant within the learning- teaching group
8 Learner’s RoleThe role of the learner is very different from the one found in traditional classroomsThe learner is not only a passive listener but an active participant in the classroom
9 Main Four Communicative Skills InputReadingListeningOutputSpeakingWriting
10 Real Life Activities Role Play Social Games Information Gaps Simulation
11 Learning By Doing Materials Text-based materialsThese include game boards, role-play cards, materials for drilling, pair work tasks, etc. They might be used to support real life tasks such as role playing booking into a hotel, or a job interview.Task-based materialspractice exercises, reading passages, gap fills, recordings, etc. can be found in almost any course book as well as in books containing supplementary materials. They form an essential part of most lessons.Authentic MaterialAuthentic Books
12 Motivating to all learners ConclusionCommunicative Language Teaching Approach is very....FunRewardingMotivating to all learnersBecause in communicative classroom the learners are happy and never, comfortable and never shy to participate!
13 Related links and sources Videos:1.2.3.Articles:1. McDonough, J., & Shaw, C. (1993). Methods and materials in ELT: A teacher's guide. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, Inc.2. Brown, H. D. (2000). Principles of language learning and teaching (4th ed.). White Plains, New York: Addison Wesley Longman, Inc.3. Volume 2 Issue 5 ǁ May. 2013ǁ PP.24-29Sites:126.96.36.199.