Presentation on theme: "Chapter 21, Lesson 4 Why do politics often lead to war?"— Presentation transcript:
1 Chapter 21, Lesson 4 Why do politics often lead to war? World War I EndsChapter 21, Lesson 4Why do politics often lead to war?
2 Vocabulary: Ch. 21, Lesson 4 (pg. 425) armisticereparationcooperationTreaty of Versailles (1919) **Find in Power point
3 Ending the War 1917-1918 US enters the War in April of 1917 March 1918 Russia exits the warGermans now use all their resources on Western FrontMarch of 1918 Germany begins a massive attack on France
4 Central Powers Crumble (1918) US sends 140,000 “fresh” troops2nd Battle of the Marne (June 1918)—Germans loseCentral Powers CrumbleRevolutions in Austria HungaryOttoman Empire surrendersGerman soldiers mutiny, public turns against Kaiser Wilhelm II
5 War Ends (1918) Kaiser Wilhelm abdicates on Nov. 1918 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month in (Nov. 11, 1918) Germany agrees to sign an armistice (truce)Over 37 million and 20 million woundedCost of 338 billion dollars
6 Ending the War The Paris Peace Conference Meeting of the “Big Four” at the Paris Peace ConferenceWilson Proposes his “14 points”“Big Four” create Treaty of VersaillesWar Guilt ClauseBreak up of German, Austrian, Russian and Ottoman EmpireReparationsLegacy of bitterness and betrayalCouncil of Four at the WWI Paris peace conference,May 27, 1919 PrimeMinister David Lloyd George (Britian)Premier Vittorio Orlando (Italy).Premier Georges Clemenceau (France)President Woodrow Wilson (USA)
7 Woodrow Wilson’s “Fourteen Points” US President Wilson created the Fourteen Points resolution to bring about peace and make sure a war like this would not occur againHe presents these Fourteen Points to Congress, but Congress fails to pass this resolution.
8 Activity #1 Read Wilson’s Proposal (pg. 427) Identify three of Wilson’s proposals in his Fourteen PointsWrite and answer the following question:1. How did Woodrow Wilson portrayed WWI?2. According to Wilson, how can the two enemies of liberty (absolutism and militarism) be eliminated?
9 Paris Peace Conference (1919) Conference took place in Paris (1919) to come up with peace settlementThe Four: US, France, Britain, Italy (three)Note: Germany was not invited & Russia was dealing with its RevolutionComplications—(1) secret agreements had been made before the end of WWI. (2) national interests complicated agreements (3) The Big Four argued
10 Activity #2 Read Paris Peace Conference (pg. 427-428) Table: What were France, Britain, and USA approach to the Paris Peace Conference? (What did they want to do after WWI)?Film Documentary:
11 Treaty of VersaillesParis Peace conference led to 5 separate treaties with each of the defeated nations (Central Powers)Treaty of Versailles with GermanyGermany (Austria) were fully responsible for WWIGermany had to pay reparations ($) for all damages that the Allies had sufferedGermany had to cut its army, navy, and elimiate its air forceGermany lost some lands
12 Activity #3: Primary Sources Analyze the Political CartoonsAnswer Questions
13 Effects of World War IBefore World War I feeling of optimism and progress of Human KindAfter the War feelings of pessimism