2 Psychosexual Development The most controversial of Freud’s assumptionsBelieves personality is shaped throughout childhood during the psychoseuxal stages of developmentchild has a desire for sensual pleasure from birthIn each stage the child must get enough gratification to be able to move to the next stageToo much gratification can cause problemsToo little gratification the child becomes fixated in the stage and can not move to the nextFor normal development a child must work through all the stages
3 Psychosexual development 1: the oral stage from birth – 18 mthsfocus on the mouthPleasure is gained through suckinge.g. Breast feedingIf child stays fixated in this stage in adulthood can beSmokerBite fingernailsSexually attracted to large breasts
4 Psychosexual Development 2: The anal stage 18 mth – 3 yearsFocus on the anusPleasure gained from going to the toilete.g. Potty trainingIf child stays fixated in this stage in adulthood can beAnally retentive – fussy, overly tidy, OCD (if punished during potty training)
5 Psychosexual Development 3: The phallic stage 3 – 6 yearsFocus on the genitalsExploration and interest in genitalsGo through either:The Oedipus Complex (for boys)The Electra Complex (for girls)
6 Oedipus ComplexBoy starts to desire his mother, and wants to have sex with herBoy sees father as a rival for his mother’s attention, is jealous of his bigger penis and wishes to kill him.He fears that if his father finds out about his feelings for his mother, he will castrate him.The boy is in a state of conflict. He resolves this by internalising and identifying with his father.This leads to the development of the superego. The boy substitutes his desire for his mother into desire for other women.
7 Electra ComplexShe starts to sexually desire her father who has a penis.The girl begins to develop penis envy. She blames her mother for removing her penis.The girl sees her mother as a sexual rival for her father.To resolve this, the girl represses her feelings for her father and begins to identify with her motherThe superego develops, she replaces penis envy with desire for a baby.
8 Psychosexual Development 4: The Latency Stage 6 years - PubertyThe sexual drive remains dormantFocus on schoolUntil puberty begins
9 Psychosexual Development 5: The genital stageFocus on genitalsBegin to become attracted to the opposite sex