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Chapter 7 Worksheet Answers

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1 Chapter 7 Worksheet Answers

2 Eli Whitney Creator of two of the biggest inventions of the time.
Interchangeable parts Cotton Gin Interchangeable parts allowed for the mass production of an item which contributed to the industrial revolution.


4 Interchangeable parts
components of any device designed to specifications which ensure that they will fit within any device of the same type.

5 Mass Production the production or manufacture of goods in large quantities, esp. by machinery.


7 Industrial Revolution
The complex of radical socioeconomic changes, such as the ones that took place in England in the late 18th century, that are brought about when extensive mechanization of production systems results in a shift from home-based hand manufacturing to large-scale factory production.


9 Embargo Act = American Industry
Jefferson would not allow the US to trade with France or Britain (our two biggest trade partners). The US was forced to produce items that they were no longer importing.

10 Industrial Rev = North Short Growing seasons. Less arable land
Large amounts of immigrant population willing to work for cheap.

11 Cotton Gin = Slavery Cotton farming became 10xs more profitable.
Led to an increase in the number of people who grow cotton. More slaves are needed to work in the new fields.



14 American System Developing transportation system
Establishing a protective tariff Resurrecting the National Bank North would provide industry, south would supply cotton and the west would supply food. Long term goal was to be national self-sufficient


16 National Road & Erie Canal
Government supported internal improvements that made trade more efficient. Erie Canal Connected the Hudson River to Lake Erie. Made it possible for people living in the interior of the US (west of Appl. Mts.) to trade with the east.


18 http://player. discoveryeducation. com/index. cfm

19 North Support for Tariff
Imports would be more expensive so people would buy American goods. Tariff revenues would help pay for internal improvements.

20 2nd BUS Most people supported
Would guarantee the US had a currency that would be accepted in other countries.


22 Gibbons v Ogden States could not regulate interstate commerce.
Established the role of Gov in regulating anything that crosses state lines.

23 McCulloch v Maryland States don’t have the right to tax federal buildings. Established that the Federal government power is stronger than the state.

24 Nationalism To have pride or identify more with the country you live in as a whole. Not the smaller region or section that you are from.

25 Adams – Onis Treaty Spain was too weak to protect its own colonies.
1819 Spain ceded Florida to the US.


27 Monroe Doctrine US becomes the policing power of the western hemisphere. Keep Europe out. European countries are allowed to keep their existing colonies, but are not allowed to establish new colonies. US felt it would benefit financially and it would protect the US borders.

28 Missouri Compromise Missouri wanted to be admitted as a slave state, but it would have upset the balance in congress. Compromise: Missouri Slave State Maine Free State The 36’30 Line became the boundary for slavery in the western territories.

29 http://player. discoveryeducation. com/index. cfm

30 Corrupt Bargain Neither John Quincy Adams nor Andrew Jackson won enough electoral votes to become President (even though Jackson received more popular votes) House of Representatives breaks a tie. Henry Clay gets Representatives to vote for Adams. Clay is made Sec of State.

31 Jacksonian Democracy Election of 1828 was the first election that did not have property restrictions. Victory for the common man. Created a stronger executive branch and a weaker legislative branch. First President to implement the Spoils System Favored Manifest Destiny.

32 Spoils System Rewarding friends and supporters with positions within the government.

33 Indian Removal Act Felt it was necessary to provide more land to the settlers. His excuse was that it would protect the Native Americans.

34 Worcester V US Trail of Tears
Cherokees’ sued to remain on land because they conformed to American ways. Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Cherokees Jackson ignored the Supreme Court ruling and removed them anyways.

35 South Carolina Exposition and Protest
South Carolina felt that the tariff not only helped the North, but hurt the South. John C Calhoun said that South Carolina could nullify the Tariff. (States Rights) Jackson responded by passing the Force Bill and sending the Military to South Carolina.

36 Jackson v 2nd BUS Felt it was a way the upper class kept the middle class below them. It controlled who received loans.

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