6 Agriculture in South/West and manufactured goods from North HENRY CLAY’S (from KY) AMERICAN SYSTEM (hoping to unite N and S sections of U.S. economically- he fears the USA is growing apartAgriculture in South/West and manufactured goods from NorthCalled American System >>relied on internal improvements: transportation (National Road and Erie Canal)How to pay for this?President Madison proposed protective tariff
7 TARIFF OF 1816Tax on what?Foreign goods more expensive>> people more likely to buy whose products?People in the North happyHated in the South and West- resent higher prices
8 ERIE CANAL BANK OF U.S. NATIONAL ROAD Tariff of 1816 set up to pay for internal improvements in transportationERIE CANALBANK OF U.S.NATIONAL ROAD
16 MONROE DOCTRINE Aimed at European nations “Hands off the Western Hemisphere.”Don’t even try to create new colonies or disrupt new republics in the AmericasWe’ll stay out of European affairs, but this is our “Sphere of Influence”
17 Election of 1824/ corrupt bargain 4 candidates for presidency Crawford, Andrew Jackson, Henry Clay and John Q. Adams Problem????No majority in electoral collegeWhat happens?corrupt bargain
18 Henry Clay swayed the votes in the House to J. Q. Adams Behind the scenes deal made>>>>Adams becomes President and Henry Clay gets a new job as Sec. of State>> Jackson calls it a corrupt bargain
19 KING ANDREW THE FIRSTWhat does this cartoon suggest about Jackson’s attitude towards the Constitution?How does this cartoon specifically comment on Jackson’s use of presidential power?
20 ANDREW JACKSON Won 1828 election. Appealed to common man. Opposed wealthy, elitist interests and agendas.Spoils systemPractice of giving people that supported them govt. jobsspoilsReferred to as his Kitchen cabinet-
21 INDIAN REMOVAL ACT (1830) Settlers want land Jackson’s thoughts: Assimilation won’t work.Solution: Move Indians west.> Indian Removal ActCherokee bring case to Supreme Court in Worchester vs. GAEven though the Cherokee won recognition and that Georgia was not allowed to invade their land, Pres. Jackson refused to abide by the Supreme Court decision“ John Marshall made his decision, now let him enforce it”
22 Why is it called the TRAIL OF TEARS? Cherokee forced off their land1,000 miles west- 25% died on the journey
23 NULLIFICATION THEORY GB tries to flood US with cheap goods Govt. raised tariff (taxes) to protect American industryCalled Tariff of Abominations by John C CalhountariffNorth getting rich at South’s expense.Could the states question the federal govt?“If the Constitution had been established by 13 sovereign states, then each had the right to nullify a federal law it considered unconstitutional.”- nullification theory
24 South Carolina rebels1832: SC rejects another tariff. SC declares them unconstitutionalThreatened to secede.Federal troops marched to enforce law.Eventually, a solution was found, crisis avoided, for nowStates’ rights = major cause of Civil War.
25 HARRISON AND TYLERWm. H. Harrison wins 1840 election and soon dies of pneumonia (he was only president for 30 days)- V.P John Tyler succeeds HarrisonReferred to as “His Accidency”