Presentation on theme: "Natural Resources Conservation and Management"— Presentation transcript:
1 Natural Resources Conservation and Management Past, Present, and FutureLecture #3 MS LCFort High School
2 The Third Wave (1960-1980) Conservation movement took off Environmental movement found it’s feetBooks and essays spurred actionEarth Day was born!Congress responded to citizens with lawsEPA was established
3 Influential Books/Essays from the 60’s Paul Rachel GarretErhlich Carson Hardin
4 Earth Day April 22Gaylord Nelson (from WI!) founded this great teach in day in 1970 to halt the accelerated pollution and destruction of the environment.
5 Decade of the Environment Congress in response to many upset citizens(fear and power people, don’t’ forget it!)Made many new laws to protect our resources!
6 Air Quality Laws Clear Air Act 1970 Clear Air Act 1977 Setting standards for air pollutionHoping to improve quality of life for citizens
7 Control of Noise Laws Noise control Act of 1972 Quiet Communities Act of 1978Improve quality of life for people by reducing stress of listening to industrial noises in residential areas
8 Control of Toxic Substances Solid Waste Disposal Act 1976Resources Conservation and Recovery Act 1976Protecting human health and the environment from the potential hazards of waste disposal.Conserving energy and natural resources.Reducing the amount of waste generated.Ensuring that wastes are managed in an environmentally-sound manner.
9 Energy Laws National Energy Act of 1978 (1973 energy crisis) Public Utility Regulatory Policies ActEnergy Tax ActNational Energy Conservation Policy ActPower Plant and Industrial Fuel Use ActNatural Gas Policy Act
10 Land Use LawsNational Coastal Zone Management Act of 1972This Act establishes an extensive federal grant program to encourage coastal states to develop and implement coastal zone management programs.The Act also establishes a national estuarine reserve system.
11 Land Use Laws Forest Reserves Management Act of 1974, 1976 In developing, maintaining, and revising plans for units of the National Forest System, ... the Secretary [of Agriculture] shall assure that such plans ... provide for multiple use and sustained yield of the products and services obtained therefrom ... and, in particular, include coordination of outdoor recreation, range, timber, watershed, wildlife and fish, and wilderness.
12 Land Use Laws Federal Land Policy Management Act of 1976 Congress recognized the value of the public lands, declaring that these lands would remain in public ownership.Congress used the term "multiple use" management, defined as "management of the public lands and their various resource values so that they are utilized in the combination that will best meet the present and future needs of the American people."
13 Land Use Laws National Forest Management Act of 1976 Called for the management of renewable resources on national forest lands.The 1976 legislation reorganized and expanded the 1974 Act, requiring the Secretary of Agriculture to assess forest lands, and develop and implement a resource management plan for each unit of the National Forest System.
14 Land Use Laws Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 SMCRA created two programs:one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.SMCRA also created the Office of Surface Mining, an agency within the Department of the Interior, to promulgate regulations, to fund state regulatory and reclamation efforts, and to ensure consistency among state regulatory programs.
15 Land Use Laws Endangered American Wilderness Act of 1978 Declaring it "in the national interest," this Congressional action also came in response to an increasingly critical view of Forest Service inventories and management of unprotected wildlands.the Endangered American Wilderness Act stated, "[these] areas are lands not being adequately protected or fully studied for wilderness suitability by the agency responsible for their administration."In all, the Act added 13 new wilderness areas and expanded four others in ten western states for a total addition of 1.3 million acres of national forest lands to the National Wilderness Preservation System.
16 Water Quality LawsFederal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972stipulated broad national objectives to restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation's waters
17 Water Quality Laws Safe Drinking Water Act of 1972 established to protect the quality of drinking water in the U.S. This law focuses on all waters actually or potentially designed for drinking use, whether from above ground or underground sources
18 Water Quality Laws Clean Water Act of 1977 This act reorganized the Federal Water Pollution Control Act of 1972 and added a major new program to control toxic pollutants.
19 Water Quality Laws Ocean Dumping Act of 1972 It brought under EPA regulation and license the dumping of sewage sludge, industrial waste, biological agents, medical waste, NBC, and radioactive waste, into the territorial waters of the United States
20 Wildlife LawsFederal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Control Act of 1972The 1972 amendments established, a program for controlling the sale, distribution, and application of pesticides through an administrative registration process.authorized experimental use permits and provided for administrative review of registered pesticides and for penalties for violations of the statute.States were authorized to regulate the sale or use of any pesticide within a state, provided that such regulation does not permit any sale or use prohibited by the Act.
21 Wildlife Laws Marine Protection, Research, and Sanctuaries Act of 1972 prohibits the dumping of material into the ocean that would unreasonably degrade or endanger human health or the marine environment.
22 Wildlife Laws Endangered Species Act of 1973 authorizes the determination and listing of species as endangered and threatened;prohibits unauthorized taking, possession, sale, and transport of endangered species;provides authority to acquire land for the conservation of listed species, using land and water conservation funds;authorizes establishment of cooperative agreements and grants-in-aid to States that establish and maintain active and adequate programs for endangered and threatened wildlife and plants;authorizes the assessment of civil and criminal penalties for violating the Act or regulations; andauthorizes the payment of rewards to anyone furnishing information leading to arrest and conviction for any violation of the Act or any regulation issued thereunder.