2 Clothing StorageStore apparel items as close as possible to the place where they will be used or put on.It is recommended that you never store clothing that is dirty.Chemicals found in deodorants, perfumes, body lotions, and perspiration can break down fibers over time.Always sash or dry-clean garments before storing them
3 Removing Spots and Stains If a garment gets a spot, do something about it as quickly as possible.Grease stains may be removed using absorbent powder, then strong detergent, then cleaning fluid.Unidentified stains on washable fabrics should first be treated with a pre-wash soil and stain remover.Stains on manufactured fibers or permanent-press fabrics are hard to remove because the fibers do not absorb water.Before removing a stain, you should:Check the garment’s label for care informationIdentify the stainIdentify the fiber content of the fabricWhen working with stain removal products:A clean, well-lighted area with a hard work surface is neededRead the manufacturer’s directions and warningsWork in a well-ventilated area
4 Laundering Your Clothes Prepare clothes for laundering by closing fasteners and emptying pockets.Agitation is the mechanical action that helps to loosen and remove soils from clothes during laundering and can cause open fasteners to catch or snag and items to fall out of pockets.The laundry products you use should be compatible with:Your laundry equipmentThe hardness of your waterThe fabrics in your garments
5 Use the Right Water Temperatures ColdMainly for dark colors that bleed, for lightly soiled loads, and for delicate items.Saves energy costsHelps prevent fading and shrinkageLess sanitizing effect and cleaning performanceWarmProvides good cleaning for most wash loadsComfortable for the handsGood for washing manufactured fibers, permanent-press, and non-colorfast fabricsHotUsed for white and colorfast fabricsProvides the best soil removal and sanitizingMay set stains, cause shrinkage, fade colors, and encourage wrinkling in some fabrics
6 Choose Correct Products Detergents are granular or liquid laundry products made synthetically from chemicals that suspend and hold dirt and grease away from clothes during washing.Surfactants are an important ingredient in detergents because they reduce the surface tension of water.Surfactants dissolve or suspend removed soil in water so it can go down the drain.Builders are ingredients in laundry products that inactivate hard water minerals.Soaps are biodegradable bar or granule cleaning products made mostly from natural fats and lye.Biodegradable means soaps have the ability to break down into natural waste products that do not harm the environment.Enzymes are proteins that speed up chemical reactions and help break down certain soils and stains into simpler forms that can be removed more easily.Bleaches are chlorine or oxygen type laundry products used to clean, whiten, and brighten fabrics.Chlorine bleach can harm silk, wool, mohair, and spandex fibers.Fabric softeners give softness and fluffiness to washable fabrics.
7 Sorting Clothes Sort by color Sort by kind and amount of soil WhitesLight colorsDark colorsSort by kind and amount of soilLightly-soiledHeavily-soiledOily or greasy itemsSort by type of fabric and garment constructionDelicatesDelicate items should be washed with gentle agitation and a shorter wash time than sturdy items.Lint-producing fabricsNew towels, terry cloth robes, and chenille spreads are examples of lint-producing fabrics.
8 Ironing and Pressing Equipment used in ironing and pressing Sleeve boardPressing mittIroning boardTailor’s hamPressing clothVelvet boardIroning is the process of using an iron to remove wrinkles from damp, washable clothing with heat and pressureStarches are sizings used in ironing that restore body and crispness to fabrics that have become limp from laundering and wear.Pressing involves placing a heated iron on fabric and then lifting, rather than using a gliding motionA pressing cloth is placed between the item being pressed and the iron to protect the right side of the garments and prevent shine.
9 Dry CleaningDry cleaning is the process of cleaning textile items with non-water liquid solvents or absorbent compounds.Minimizes shrinkagePreserves tailoring detailsMaintains the fine characteristics and finishes of fabricsServices offered by professional dry cleanersDry clean garments and other non-washable itemsSeasonal storage of apparelLaunder and press washable itemsRemove spots and stainsRemove pills with an industrial fabric brushAdd sizings or water-repellent finishesDo minor repairs and alterations