Presentation on theme: "Mrs. Hayes Home & Careers"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mrs. Hayes Home & Careers The Laundry ProcessMrs. HayesHome & Careers
2 The Six Steps in the Laundry Process are: RepairSortPre-TreatWashDryIron
3 THE LAUNDRY PROCESS The steps of the laundry process are as follows 1. Mend or RepairMending articles before washing to keep torn area from getting larger2. Sort the clothingThis includes understanding care labels and consumer information
4 HOW TO SORT LAUNDRYSorting is one of the most important steps in laundering. While you sort, you should:Look for spots and stains and treat them before washing.Close zippers, hooks, buttons, etc. to prevent snagging.Remove all items from pockets.Tie sashes and belts loosely to prevent tangling.Sort clothes into loads of the correct size for the washer.Identify special-care or hand-washable items and keep them separate, including non-colorfast items.
5 Sorting is done by COLOR White, or white background with pastel figuresSolid or print pastelsMedium and bright colorsDark colorsColorfastnessColorfast - the fabric maintains or keeps its color without fading or bleeding (running) onto other fabrics.Noncolorfast- the colors in the fabric may fade or bleed onto other fabrics when wet.
6 Sorting is also done by 2. TYPE AND WEIGHT OF FABRIC Loosely woven, knitted, and sheersLint producing: towels, sheets, terry cloth, etc.Tightly woven, heavy fabrics
7 Sorting is done by 3. KIND AND AMOUNT OF SOIL Heavily soiled items should be washed separatelyPolyesters pick up oily stains and should not be washed with items which are soiled with oily or greasy stains.4. SIZEMix large and small items in each load for better cleaning and movement of items in the washer.Sorting is done by
8 3. Pre-Treat stains and heavily soiled areas. THE LAUNDRY PROCESSThe steps of the laundry process are as follows3. Pre-Treat stains and heavily soiled areas.Pre-treating means- special attention you give a garment before launderingFresh stains are easier to remove than old stainsRub or spray special treatment on the soiled/ stained area
9 4. Washing ClothesCare labels are sew into garments- best source of information about clothing care
11 Washing Clothes Operating the washing machine: a. Select the wash water temperatureHot water sets stains, shrinks clothes, fades colors, costs moreWarm water causes little damage to clothing.Cold water protects fabrics, prevents shrinkage, prevents fading, allows stains to remove easily, works best with detergents, costs less.b. Select the rinse water temperatureWarm water reactivates the detergent and causes the clothing not to rinse thoroughly.Cold water allows the rinse cycle to work the best.c. Select the water level and agitation cycle.Use the regular setting for medium and heavy weight fabrics.Use the delicate setting for lightweight fabrics or delicate items.
12 THE LAUNDRY PROCESS d. Select laundry products Chlorine (liquid) bleach is mainly used on white cotton fabricsPowdered bleach can be used safely on other fabrics.Chlorine (liquid) bleach should be added to the wash water and mixed thoroughly before the clothes are in the washer. The bleach should not be poured directly on the clothing.Always use the amount of detergent recommended on the box or less— too much detergent is difficult to rinse out and makes the clothing sticky and dull in color.Don’t use extra detergent for extra-dirty clothes—wash them twice instead.
13 Hand Washing Some clothes require the gentle handling of hand washing Use a sink or container large enough for the clothes to move freelyChoose a soap or detergent to suit the clothesPut water in sink, add detergent, mix, then add the clothingSoak clothing for 5 to 30 minutes- depending on amount of soil and detergent directionsDrain the sink and add fresh water. Gently squeeze soapy water out of garments. Use at least 2 clean water rinses.
14 5. Drying Clothes Dryer Sheets Operating the dryer a. Selecting the temperatureHigh heat damages clothingMedium heat does less damage than high heatLow heat is least damaging but takes longer to dry clothingb. Selecting the timeSpecial care and delicate items only need about 10 to 15 minutes of drying time on a low temperature.An average load of clothing requires about 25 to 30 minutes of drying timeHeavier items, such as towels and jeans, require a longer drying timeDryer Sheets
15 THE LAUNDRY PROCESSHandle fabrics carefully to reduce the need for ironingUse fabric softeners or conditioners helps to eliminate wrinkling.Take the clothes out of the dryer immediately when dry, while they are still warm; fold or hang.
16 6. Ironing and Pressing Ironing or pressing If you aren’t sure what temperature to use, start with a lower temperature and increase it until the wrinkles are out.Iron temperature depends on garments fiber contents. Check the care label.Moisture or steam during ironing helps remove wrinkles.Ironing- moving iron back and forth over fabricPressing- process of lifting and lowering the iron onto areas of the fabric.
17 Dry CleaningDry Clean- cleaning with chemicals rather than with water and detergent.Then steamed to remove wrinkles.Not all fabrics can be dry cleaned- check labels.Two types- professional or coin operated.Professional is the only one that can remove most spots and stains. Also do pressing for you.
18 The Laundry Process 6-Steps Please correct your note sheet- This is the correct order!!!1. Repair2. Sort3. Pre-treat4. Wash5. Dry6. IronThe End