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Therapeutic Communication Lecture 1. Objective #6 Define communication.

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Presentation on theme: "Therapeutic Communication Lecture 1. Objective #6 Define communication."— Presentation transcript:

1 Therapeutic Communication Lecture 1

2 Objective #6 Define communication

3 Communication is: interaction between 2+ people exchange of information

4 Communication -tion – Process Communica – Share / give – To make common

5 Communication is influenced by: Values Attitudes Beliefs Purpose Context

6 Intrapersonal Interpersonal

7 Objective #7 Identify and describe the operational definition of the communication process

8 Communication Process 1.Sender 2.Receiver 3.Message 4.Feedback

9 Message Expression of your thoughts

10 Sender Encoding Sends our the message

11 Method

12 Receiver Decoding Person to whom the message was sent

13 Feedback! Response to the message

14 Objective #8 List the two main channels of communication

15 Types of Communication Verbal Spoken word Written word Non-verbal AKA: body language

16 8 modes of nonverbal communication 1.Physical appearance 2.Body movement & Posture 3.Facial expression 4.Gestures 5.Eye contact 6.Tone & volume or voice 7.Touch 8.Silence

17 Two Main Channels of Communication are WORDS and BEHAVIORS Verbal – The words we choose (7%) Paraverbal – How we say the words (38%) Kinesics – Body Language (55%)

18 People Reading What people are really saying.

19 Body Language Facial Expressions Posture Gestures

20 Considerations Context Sufficient Samples Culture / Ethnicity Age and Gender Faking and Deception

21 Emotional Facial Expressions Dr. Paul Ekman Anger – Wrath / Rage Contempt – Disrespect / Intense Dislike Disgust – Aversion / Repugnance Fear – Agitation / Anxiety Happiness – Pleasure / Contentment Sadness – Showing / Causing Sorrow Surprise – Sudden / Unexpected

22 Posture and Gestures Anger – Lean Forward – Clenched Fists Excited / Happy – Open, Palms Up Intimidating – Upright, Close Proximity Interest – Lean Forward – Hand on Face, Finger pointing up Defensive – Closed – Arms Crossed Mirroring – Matched Position – Matched Elevation

23 Objective #9 Explain what is meant by the P.T.— patient relationship

24 Empathy versus Sympathy Empathy Acknowledge client’s emotions Show care by listening and responding Sympathy Carry some of the patients problems…. Feel sorry for them

25 Emotional Separateness Allows the professional to focus on the patient’s needs and not on our own!! Be Self-Aware Be Self-Monitoring Be Self-Correcting

26 Objective #10 Describe why therapeutic communication is the most important tool used by the P.T.

27 Basic Communication Skills What characteristics do you ascribe to someone you really like talking to?

28 Therapeutic Communication Is “other focused” Listening is the key!

29 Elements of Therapeutic Communication Trust Empathy Respect Congruence (Genuineness) Self Awareness Listening

30 Traits for Successful and Effective Therapeutic Communication: non-judgmental good listener genuine liking for people open body language good eye contact clarifies what they heard trustworthy - integrity sincere desire to help values who your are exhibits patience attentive not always quick to remedy appropriate vocabulary use humor sensitivity and Empathy

31 Objective #14 Discriminate between hearing and listening

32 How can you become a better listener? Hearing – Sensing sound Listening – “A process that involves sensing, interpreting, evaluating and reacting to spoken messages.”

33 Definition Listening – “A process that involves sensing, interpreting, evaluating and reacting to spoken messages.”

34 stages of listening Sensation Interpretation Evaluation Reaction

35 listening challenges Distractions – Internal – External

36 listening challenges Distractions Shutting out the message The rush to judgment Partial hearing Disabilities

37 Become an active listener Set purposes Ask questions Pay attention to verbal signpost Expect the unexpected

38 Ask questions “The most important types of question you will ask are… – CLARIFYING QUESTIONS”

39 Objective #15 Relate how therapeutic communication differs from social communication

40 Style of Communication Social Family Friends Therapeutic Purposeful Goal oriented

41 Therapeutic vs. Social Communication Focus on helping patient PLANNED and directed with a purpose by the professional Needs of the patient outweigh the needs of the P.T. Professionals are obligated to share information within Tx Team Relies on pt. disclosure Both parties seek to have personal needs met Involves equal disclosure of personal information and intimacy Confidentiality Spontaneity Therapeutic Social

42 Objective #16 Define and describe the importance of each of the following: – Readiness skills, Attending skills, Active listening skills, Reflecting skills: content and emotion

43 Objective #17 Explain the concept of the therapeutic self.

44 Psychiatric Technicians Primary Role: Therapeutic “Use of Self ” Attempt to establish healthy relationships with people who are unable to do so Therapeutic interpersonal relationships Therapeutic communication

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