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Therapeutic Communication

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Presentation on theme: "Therapeutic Communication"— Presentation transcript:

1 Therapeutic Communication
Presented by: Safiya Salem Bakarman .

2 Objectives : Define the communication .
By the end of the session the student will be able to : Define the communication . Explain the communication process . State factors affecting communication process .

3 Use talking and non talking therapeutic techniques .
Explain the phases of nurse-patient relationship. Differentiate between social and professional relationship .

4 Contents : Definition of communication . Clients Rights .
The communication process . Goals of therapeutic communication. Qualities of a Good communicator . Types of communication .

5 Communication skills and techniques .
Tools for effective communication . Factors effecting communication . Characteristics of successful communication . Phases of nurse-patient relationship . The different between social and professional relationship .

6 Introduction : Establishing a therapeutic relationship is one of the most important responsibility of the psychiatric team when working with client .

7 Definition of communication :
Is the art of transferring or exchanging information ideas or thoughts easily and correctly through verbal or non-verbal language .

8 Clients Rights: Dignity . Information . Choice . Privacy .
Confidentiality . Continuity of care . Opinion .

9 The Communication process:
The communication process could be defined as a sending-receiving process .

10 Goals of therapeutic communication :
Establishing a therapeutic provider-client relationship . Identify client’s concerns and problem . Assess client’s perception of the problem . Recognize client’s needs. Guide client towards a satisfying and socially acceptable solution .

11 The Qualities of a Good communicator :
Respect and empathy for the client . Good communication skills . Tolerance of values and beliefs different from one’s own . Unbiased attitudes . Patience . Awareness of gender issues.

12 Types of communication :
1- Non-verbal communication Is what is observed and send . * Is often more important than verbal communication it includes: Paralanguage : (tone of voice , stream of talk ). Kinesis : (all body languages and facial movement ). Proxemies : (the distance between the sender and the receiver ). Touch . Cultural arte facts : (the way a person dressed , make up ) . 2- Verbal communication: Is what is said and heard . *It is the content of communication : Use an appropriate tone of voice . Give verbal encouragement . Ask questions . Paraphrase . Seek clarification.

13 Communication techniques and skills :
1-Talking Techniques : Questioning and general leads . - Make broad opening statements . - Paraphrase , reward or summarize what has been said . - Reflect feelings . - Re-state or repeat the client’s statement . - Clarify . - Focus and re-focus .

14 2Non talking techniques :
Feed back . Active listening . - Focus . - Reflect . - Drawing out . - Acceptance . Silence .

15 Tools for Effective communication:
Communication skills : Effective of verbal and non-verbal communication . Active listening . Questioning . Use of simple language . Reflecting feelings . Paraphrasing . Silence .

16 Factors affecting communication :
personality of both sender and receiver including ( strengths ,weakness , skills, values , perception and Background experience ) . Environment in which communication occurs .

17 Characteristics of a successful communication :
Communication is successful when the person has a feeling of being understood . This feeling is the result of and dependent upon the presence of 4 characteristics : Honesty . Appropriateness . Efficiency . flexibility .

18 Phases of the nurse-patient relationship :
1- Initiation (orientation) phase : partners (nurse-patient) are strangers to each other. 2- Continuation (Active Working) phase : Lowering of anxiety level, increased feeling of trust , however some patients may continue to test the nurse . 3- Termination concluding) phase patient is almost cured , or at least integrated and ready for discharge . sometimes problems of termination occur in the form of relapsing symptoms , regressive behavior and/ or feelings of rejection and depression .

19 Different between social and professional relationship :
Social relationship Professional relationship Interaction is primarily for reason of pleasure or companion-ship. Concerned with helping the patients (regardless their sex, religion, race…etc.) No person is in the position of responsibility of helping the other. Require the help of person with scientific knowledge and special skills (the nurse). There is no this intention. There is intention of dealing with other's problem. The goal is more or less social The relation ship is purposeful directed toward a therapeutic. It is up to the partners to share their personal affairs. The relationship should not entail the nurse's personal matters or problems. Unlimited. Time limited.


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