Presentation on theme: "Introduction and Geography"— Presentation transcript:
1 Introduction and Geography AfricaIntroduction and Geography
2 1. Africa facts World’s 2nd largest continent About 11.7 million square miles in sizeUS fits into Africa three times with extra roomPopulation: About 891 million people (US is about 291 million)Equator runs right through the middle of the continentRainforests cover 10% of the landLongest River: Nile River (4,160 miles)Largest Desert: Sahara (3.5 square miles)
3 2. Africa fun facts Over 2,000 languages are spoken in Africa Due to rapid population, more than half of the population is under the age of 25 in many African statesCopper and iron have been mined in Zambia for over 2,000 yearsUganda is home to 11% of the world’s bird populationZambia is home to Victoria Falls (one of the Seven Natural Wonders and the largest waterfall in the world)The Republic of Sudan has 223 of its own pyramids (twice the number of Egypt)Coffee was first discovered by goat herders in Ethiopia in the 9th centuryLiteracy rate in Zimbabwe is 92%
4 3. Africa’s geography1906: Hans Vischer explored what he called the “Death Road”Trade route connecting western Africa to the coast of the Mediterranean SeaNo European or American had ever risked the journey before“Death Road” crossed more than 1,500 miles of the Sahara, the world’s largest desertIf you got lost it surely meant deathOnly nomads living in the region knew the way but Vischer hoped to map the route.
5 4. Africa climate zonesMediterraneanDesertSavannaRainforest
6 4. Africa climate zones TROPICS SAVANNAS DESERTS Dry, sweeping grasslands for thousands of milesSAVANNASTropical grasslands that have high temperatures and uneven rainsPerfect for raising herds of animalsDESERTSSahara to the northKalahari to the southwestBlocked travel and people had to follow the coast if they wanted to get past the desert
10 5. African plateau PLATEAU: an area of high flat land RIVERS East: movement of the earth’s crust millions of years ago cracked the continent and parts of the plateau’s surface droppedGreat Rift ValleyRIVERSNile River (Egypt and Kush along the banks)Niger River (West Africa)Rich soil grows crops and many civilizations beginUnited the region because merchants and travelers spread goods and ideas up and down the river