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Give two words that you think describes Africa.
Why do geographers say Africa is centrally located?Why do geographers say Africa is centrally located?
World’s Second largest continent Contains the most independent nations
Straddles the Equator Extends thousands of miles North and South of the Equator
Stands between the ATLANTIC & INDIAN OCEANS
NORTH AFRICA Stretches from Morocco in the West to Egypt in the East Close contact with Europe and the Middle East
WEST AFRICA South of the Sahara Desert and bulges into the Atlantic Ocean From Mauritania to Nigeria
CENTRAL AFRICA Includes Nigeria
EAST AFRICA Largest nations Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania
SOUTHERN AFRICA From Atlantic to Indian Ocean Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa
Slices through the Eastern part of the country A giant fault, or break, in the earth’s crust From Red Sea to Zambezi River
Longest river in the World Played a key role in human development Floods each year
What does the lines of latitude measure? What is another name for the lines of latitude? What does the lines of longitude measure? What is another name for longitude?
Rainfall determines climate People of Botswana call their money, PULA, which means rain
Alternating wet and dry seasons Rains south of equator, north is in dry season Less than an inch in desert areas 80 inches a year near equator
Tropical Wet Rain Forests Along equator – 8% of Africa
Tropical Wet and Dry Largest Climate Zone Warm all year Savanna - grassland
Desert 40% of Africa Sahara means desert in Arabic Kalahari & Namib in South
LARGER THAN CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES
Moderate Mediterranean Summers hot and dry Winters are cooler and moist
Equator runs through middle 80% in Tropics Tropics between Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn
Coolest regions in Africa Temperature drops as elevation increases
APPROACHING 680 MILLION AND GROWINGAPPROACHING 680 MILLION AND GROWING
A Satellite View Africa’s Size # Second largest continent 11,700,000 sq. mi. # 10% of the world’s population. # 2 ½ times the size of the U. S. 5000MILES5000MILES.
Place Location- Africa
There are 47 countries in Africa and six island nations Atlantic Ocean Indian Ocean Mediterranean Sea Red Sea.
Climate and Weather.
Geography of Africa.
By: Catherine Robinson
The Geography of Africa.
Africa Climate and Vegetation. Climate equator runs straight through the middle of Africa, high temperatures equator runs straight through the middle.
Regions of the World - Africa
The World’s Second Largest Continent
The Geography and Early History of Africa
SUB-SAHARA AFRICA Physical Characteristics. NIGERIA Name the COUNTRY.
Geography of Africa Most of Africa lies between which two lines of latitude? Why is this important to know?
Geography of Africa Africa Unit.
Geography of Africa Unit 2 : Africa Table of Contents # 2.
The Shape of the Land A Vast Continent What does “vast” mean? How big is Africa?
10/6 Do Now: 3.1 Open Notes Reading Quiz
Climate and Weather SOL WG.2a. Climate Climate is the condition of the atmosphere over a long period of time.
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