Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 2 Cultural Diversity"— Presentation transcript:
1 CHAPTER 2 Cultural Diversity Sociology4/19/2017CHAPTER 2 Cultural DiversitySection 1: The Meaning of CultureSection 2: Cultural VariationChapter 2
2 Objectives: Section 1: The Meaning of Culture Define the meaning of the term culture and explain how material culture and non- material culture differ.Identify and describe the basic components of culture.
3 Culture Section 1: The Meaning of Culture Culture – consists of all the shared products of human groups which include physical objects, beliefs, values, and behaviors shared by a groupMaterial Culture – are physical objects that people create and use such as books, buildings, clothing, and cookingNonmaterial Culture – are abstract human creations that include beliefs, family patterns, ideas, and language
4 Basic Components of Culture Section 1: The Meaning of CultureBasic Components of CultureTechnology – physical objects and rules for using themSymbols – anything that represents something else and has a shared meaningLanguage – the organization of written or spoken symbols into a standardized systemValues – shared beliefs about what is good and bad or right or wrongNorms – shared rules of conduct
5 Objectives: Section 2: Cultural Variation Describe cultural universals and explain why they exist.Explain what the terms ethnocentrism and cultural relativism mean.Identify factors that account for variations among and within cultures.
6 Cultural Universals Section 2: Cultural Variation Cultural universals – general traits common to all culturesExist because some needs are so basic that all societies must develop certain features to ensure their fulfillment
7 Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism Section 2: Cultural VariationEthnocentrism and Cultural RelativismEthnocentrism – the tendency to view one’s own culture and group as superior to other different culturesCultural Relativism – belief that a culture should be judged by its own standards rather than by those of another culture
8 Factors That Account for Variations Among and Within Cultures Section 2: Cultural VariationFactors That Account for Variations Among and Within CulturesSubculture – shared values, norms and behaviors that are not shared by the entire populationCounterculture – rejection of the major values, norms, and practices of the larger society and replacing them with a new set of cultural values