Presentation on theme: "Cultural Diversity. Bell Work – Cultural Diversity1/27 What are your first impressions of this woman? (be honest) What symbols are present in this."— Presentation transcript:
Bell Work – Cultural Diversity1/27 What are your first impressions of this woman? (be honest) What symbols are present in this picture? What are her values? Why is she dressed the way she is? What groups could she be fighting?
What are your first impressions of this woman? (be honest) What symbols are present in this picture? What are her values? Why is she dressed the way she is? What groups could she be fighting?
Ethnocentrism- the belief that one’s own culture and group are superior to others
Cultural Diversity What is Culture ? All of the shared products of human groups
Culture Material Culture Non- Material Culture Beliefs family patterns, ideas language, Political/economic systems Rules skills work practices Objects Cars Clothing Cell phones Cooking utensils
Society vs. Culture Society A group of people who have organized in such a way to share a common culture Culture The products people create within
Components of Culture 1. Technology- the combination of material culture (objects) and rules Symbols- Anything that represents something else 3. Language
4. Values Shared beliefs over what is right and wrong, good or bad, desirable and undesirable Cultural components
Norms that are so strong that violating them results in extreme disgust Societies make laws or written rules of conduct to enforce these ideas Norms that describe socially acceptable behavior but do not have great moral significance Norms- shared rules of conduct that people follow in shared situations Mores Norms that have great moral significance b/c violation of these rules endangers societies well-being Folkways Taboo
Exit Slip - Read Chapter 2 section 1 if you need to get a better idea of what we’ve talked about Focus on Writing Write two paragraphs describing a culture to within the United States to which you belong. For example write about a club or team of which you are a part of. Things to include: Material & non-material culture Technology Symbols Language Values (mores, folkways, taboos etc…)
Bell Work 1/28 Yesterday we talked about 4 components of culture which were; technology, symbols, language & values. Try and think of an example for each component that is quintessentially American in nature. Also have your paragraphs about a culture you belong to out and I will check them in.
Note Book Check Friday! Here is what you should have so far…. Bell Work &Notes Sociological Research 1/20/15 Home Work #1 C. 1 s. 1Reading focus questions Bell Work/Notes – Examining Social Life – 1/21/14 Doing Sociology – Weekend Observations Notes – The development of Sociology – 1/22/15 Bell Work & Notes – Sociological Perspectives 1/23/15 Chapter 1 Review 1/26 Bell Work & Notes – Cultural Diversity1/27 Exit Slip – 2 paragraphs about a culture to which you belong 1/27
Bell work, Cultural Variation – 1/29/15 If the world’s population was represented by 100 people… How many would be from which major regions of the world? How many would speak what languages? How many would practice what religions? How many would have a college education? How many people would be malnourished (go hungry on a daily basis) How many would have regular access to drinking water?
If the world was 100 people 60 Asians 15 Africans 14 people from the Americas 11 Europeans 12 would speak Chinese 5 would speak Spanish 5 would speak English 3 would speak Arabic 3 would speak Hindi 3 would speak Bengali 3 would speak Portuguese 2 would speak Russian 2 would speak Japanese 62 would speak other languages 83 would be able to read and write; 17 would not 7 would have a college degree 22 would own or share a computer 1 would be dying of starvation 15 would be undernourished 21 would be overweight 87 would have access to safe drinking water 13 people would have no clean, safe water to drink
Notes, Cultural Variation – What are our perceptions of the global population? What do our perceptions reflect about our culture and our awareness of others? Ethnocentrism- the belief that one’s own culture and group are superior to others Cultural Relativism- the idea that culture should be judged by their own standards rather than by applying the standards of another culture
What things do all cultures have in common? Cultural Universals Arts & leisure Basic Needs Beliefs Communication and education Family Government and economy Technology
Reading about different cultures As you read the article take note on the following concerning the culture: Social Folkways, Mores & Taboos Beliefs& Values material & Non material culture
Bell Work/Notes – Cultural Variation – 2/19/14 Answer the following in a couple of sentences How might ethnocentrism cause discrimination? (think about the Nacirema, before you knew what was going on, what did you think of them?
Cultural Variation Although Cultures have many universal traits, there are groups that do not follow every norm within every society, these are called SUBCULTURES- groups that share values, norms, and behaviors that are not shared by the entire population ExamplesExamples? age, gender, ethnic, religious political, socioeconomic status & occupational
Cultural Variation subcultures share values with the wider culture they are a part of, Counter Cultures do not. Counterculture- subcultures whose practices, beliefs, norms and values are consciously intended to challenge the values and norms of wider society Examples?
Perspectives on Culture Functionalist - Culture reflects and enforces society’s central values. It encourages stability by integrating individuals into society. Subcultures relieve discontent of subgroups Ethnocentrism encourages group unity Conflict Culture reflects and enforces the values of those who hold power It encourages and maintains social inequality Subcultures and counter cultures challenge those in power Ethnocentrism encourages discrimination against he powerless Interactionism Culture is maintained and modified through everyday social interactions Interaction among subcultural groups helps to transmit customs and traditions and also introduces new cultural meaning systems
Homework Read Chapter 2 Section 3 44-47 and answer the following What are traditional American Values? How have these values changes since the 1970s?
In your Notebooks for tomorrow Chapter #1 Review ( this is worth a good chunk of points, make sure its there!) Bell Work & Notes – Cultural Diversity – 2/13/14 Exit Slip – Focus on Writing – 2/17/14 These were the paragraphs about a culture you belong to Bell work, Cultural Variation – 2/18/14 Bell Work/Notes – Cultural Variation – 2/19/14 Homework – Chapter 2 section 3 What are American values? How have the changed since 1970? Other things that will be graded Class Activity – American Values & Sub Cultures work sheet
American Values What are they? Personal Achievement Progress & Material Comfort Work Individualism Efficiency & Practicality Morality Equality & Democracy Freedom