Presentation on theme: "Make it Interesting Using multiple sentence types to engage your audience."— Presentation transcript:
Make it Interesting Using multiple sentence types to engage your audience.
What are we learning? How to write Simple, Compound, and Complex sentences
Why are we learning these? Reading our essays is more interesting when we use different types of sentences. We want our readers to pay attention!
What’s the difference between a Clause and a Phrase? Clause- A group of words with its own subject and verb. – Ex.: The girl skipped. Phrase- A group of words that does not contain a subject and a verb. – Ex.: Looking at Matthew.
Independent Clause An Independent Clause, also known as a main clause, has a subject and a verb and can stand by itself as a complete sentence. – Ex.: 1. He began reading his book. 2. Brett went to the lake.
Subordinate Clause A Subordinate Clause, also known as a dependent clause, has a subject and a verb but cannot stand by itself as a complete sentence. (It’s only part of a sentence). – Ex.: 1. After she presented her paper 2. While the group studied
Simple, Compound, and Complex Sentences Simple Sentence- consists of a single INDEPENDENT CLAUSE. Compound Sentence- Consist of two or more INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. Complex Sentence- Consists of one INDEPENDENT CLAUSE and one or more SUBORDINATE CLAUSES.
Simple Sentence A Simple Sentence consists of a single INDEPENDENT CLAUSE. – Length is not an indicator! – Must contain a subject and a verb – May contain more than one subject and more than one verb. – No extra punctuation!
Simple Sentence Examples With One Subject and One Verb: – The snow fell. With a Compound Subject: – Snow and ice are common With a Compound Verb: – The window squeaked and shook.
Simple Sentence Examples Cont. With a Compound Subject and a Compound Verb: – My brother and sister brought bagels and made coffee for brunch.
Can You Write a Simple Sentence? 1.With one subject and one verb. 2.With a compound subject. 3.With a compound verb. 4.With a compound subject and compound verb.
Compound Sentence A Compound Sentence consist of two or more INDEPENDENT CLAUSES. – May be joined by a comma and a coordinating conjunction. Remember F.A.N.B.O.Y.S. – May be joined by a semicolon or a colon
Compound Sentence Examples With a comma and a coordinating conjunction: – Jamie ran a two-day athletic clinic, and four professional athletes donated their time. With a semi-colon or a colon: – All of the athletes spoke on the first day; one was missing the second day.