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Published byGeoffrey Robbins Modified over 7 years ago
MENTAL ILLNESS AND PERSONALITY DISORDER: DEPRESSION HSP3C
DEPRESSION Type of mental illness called a “mood disorder” Mood disorders affect the way you feel, think and act Individuals with depression always feel “down” and hopeless Changes in life: feelings, physical health, thinking and behaviour
CHANGES. 1) Feelings: Signs of being unhappy, worried, guilty, loneliness, hopeless
CHANGES. 2) Physical Health Headaches or other general aches that they cannot explain May feel tired all the time Have problems eating
CHANGES. 3) Thinking Low self-esteem Self-blame Negative thoughts about themselves Hard time concentrating They believe the world can be a better place without them
CHANGES. 4) Behaviour Withdraw from others Shows less interest in activities that they normally enjoy
SYMPTOMS Persistent (for a long time) sad, anxious, “empty” feelings Feelings of hopelessness (do not believe anything will work out) Loss of interest in enjoyable activities Fatigue (tired) and less energy Difficult concentrating Suicide thoughts Loss of appetite OR over-eating!
TYPES OF DEPRESSION TypeDefinition (What it is) 1) Major Depressive Disorder - Person’s ability for work, sleep, study, eat and pleasure-able activities go away - Have a hard time living life - Recurs throughout a person’s life 2) Chronic Depression - Long-term - Similar symptoms to major depressive but not as severe - Does not disable the person from living life
CAUSES. NOT ONE CAUSE – a combination Genetics + Biological (DNA) Environmental (things that are happening around you) Psychological (mental imbalance triggered by events)
DIAGNOSIS Can be difficult to diagnose someone with Depression Evaluate symptoms – how long you’ve had them, when they started and how they were. Your doctor will ask questions about the way you feel (to see if they match any of the symptoms of depression)
TREATMENT Earlier treatment, the better Each treatment is for each individual Most common = medication + psychotherapy
TREATMENT 1) Medication Anti-depressants Works on brain chemicals Regulate mood Must be taken 4-6 weeks before medicine to begin working Keep taking medicine until the doctor says “stop” If one medicine doesn’t work – another might!
TREATMENT 2) Psychotherapy Talk to a therapist, which helps them learn how to deal with illness Two types of Psychotherapy: 1) Cognitive Behavioural Therapy 2) Interpersonal Therapy
PSYCHOTHERAPY (1) Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) - Negative thoughts are restructured - Look at environment (surroundings) and relationships in a positive way -Find out what YOU are doing to add to the depression
PSYCHOTHERAPY (2) Interpersonal Therapy (IPT)- Helps people understand and work through troubled relationships - These may have caused the depression or make it worse.
LIVING WITH DEPRESSION
BAD MOOD VS. DEPRESSION Bad MoodDepression - Feeling sadness, loneliness or grief when going through a difficult life experience - Continue to function (live life) - You know that you will bounce back and everything will get better - Feelings of sadness, loneliness or grief do not go away - Sadness interferes (disrupts) your work, sleep and recreation (hobbies) - Cannot “pull yourself together” to get better
DID YOU KNOW?!?! The total number of 12-19 year olds in Canada at risk for developing depression is 3.2 million.
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