2 Cleft lip/pallet Anyone can have it. More common in some races Appears at birthBirth defectRoof of mouth (palate) not joined.Treated with surgeries.
3 Clubfoot Anyone can have it Present at birth Many reasons for it. Foot and ankle twisted making it impossible to walk.Treated with surgery and shoes.
4 Color blindness Sex Linked--Males Present at birth Inability to distinguish certain colors.No cure—learn to accommodate
5 Cystic Fibrosis Recessive genetic Usually present at birth—can show up laterLack an enzyme so mucous builds up especially in lungs and digestion.Treated with drugs, and pounding on back.
6 Diabetes Anyone can get it Occurs at birth or later Many factors—incl. genetics and overweightAbnormal metabolism of sugar & insulinTreated with insulin and diet
7 Down SyndromeMore common to young or older parents or genetic tendencyPresent at birth21st Chromosome errorVaries from mild to severeSurgery for heart defect. Help as needed
8 Hemophilia Sex linked—males Present at birth Genetic Absence of clotting factorTreated with transfusions and avoid injury
9 Huntington’s disease (Chorea) GeneticShows up in middle age.Deterioration of body and brain leading to deathNo cure
10 Hydrocephalus Anyone can get it Present at birth or acquired later Many factors cause itFluid (water) builds up on brain causing brain damageSurgery to put in shunt
11 Marfan Syndrome Genetic—very rare Present at birth Heart malformed, hearing loss, long and bony limbsTreated with heart surgery, medicine, therapy
12 Muscular Dystrophy X-linked genetic Present at birth or later in life Weakening and wasting away of muscles. Sometimes deathNo cure
13 Sickle Cell Anemia Anyone can get it—more common in blacks Present at birthGenetic recessiveAbnormal blood cells—misshaped and unable to carry oxygenTreated with transfusions
14 Tay-Sachs Disease More common in Jews (ethnicity, not religion) Diagnosed by six months—dies around age 3 to 5Genetic—recessiveInability to break down fatty deposits in the brain. Nervous system shuts down.No cure
15 Cerebral PalsyBrain malformed, injured at birth, or damaged later in lifeNot inheritedRanges from super intelligent to severely retardedAffects brain’s ability to control musclesTreat the symptoms
16 Thalassemia Genetic—recessive More common in Greeks and Italians Present at birthAbnormal red blood cells, not enough red blood cells.Treated with blood transfusions
17 ToxoplasmosisThe earlier in pregnancy the mother is infected, the lower is the risk of an infection of the fetus, but the severer is the disease. The later in pregnancy the mother is infected, the higher is the possibility of fetal infection, and the disease is less severe Parasitic infection from cat fecal matter or undercooked/raw meatInfected children have seizures, hearing loss, jaundice, blindness, mental retardationPrevent by cooking meat, not being around cats
18 Spina Bifida Anyone can get it Present at birth Many factors cause it—current research links it to Folic Acid deficiency in motherCan be slight cyst on spine to open spine—legs are paralyzed, poor bladder controlTreated with surgery and therapy