Presentation on theme: "European Exploration and Colonization"— Presentation transcript:
1 European Exploration and Colonization European EmpiresTheme of Social Studies: Movement/Migration
2 European ExplorationSS6H6 The student will analyze the impact of European exploration and colonization on various world regions.b. Trace the empires of Portugal, Spain, England, and France in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
3 European ExplorationSS6H6 The student will analyze the impact of European exploration and colonization on various world regions.b. Trace (map out) the empires (territories) of Portugal, Spain, England, and France in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
4 Topic: Empires of Europe SS6H b)PortugalCrusades:Name: _____________Date: ____Period: __ TOC #: ___Time Period/RoutesSpainImportant People/ExplorersEnglandFranceMotivationEmpire TerritoriesAssessment Prompts#1#2#3Impact
5 EQ Write this down on the back of your TMAP: You will answer at the end. What were Europe’s colonies in Asia, Africa, Australia, and the Americas?Hint: There were four main ones.
6 1. What European countries had colonies on other continents? Assessment Prompts1. What European countries had colonies on other continents?2. What is a colony?3. Where were these colonies located?
7 Empire BuildingAfter the 14th century, Europe’s most powerful countries competed to see who could get the most colonies (colony).They wanted to build their Empire by taking over other parts of the world (Imperialism).
8 The Crusades (1096-1272) Write this down!!!!! Military expeditions sent by the Popes of the Roman Catholic Church to capture the Holy Land from the Muslim TurksNot successful, but had a few positive results:Western Europeans learned to:better mapsbuild better shipsExposed Europeans to spices & goods from the East
9 Think-Pair-ShareThink: Think about the 3 positive results from the CrusadesPair: With a partner, tell each other the three positive resultsShare: With the group, share what we’ve just discussed.30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
10 Trade Routes1400s—major trade routes from the East to Europe went through 2 Italian cities (Venice & Genoa)-Italian merchants marked up the prices on the jewels, fragrances, woods and finished goods & sold them throughout Europe.Portugal, Spain, France, and England resented the huge profits made by Italians. Since they controlled the trade routes through Mediterranean Sea they began to look for other routes to the India, China and Spice Islands.
11 “Scramble for Africa” Led to the colonization of most of the continent.
12 Spain and Portugal: Treaty of Tordesillas Portugal and Spain claimed territories in the New World before any other European powers.Since both nations were Catholic, the Pope drew a line on the map showing which territories would belong to Portugal and which ones belonged to Spain
15 Think-Pair-Share Think: Think about the Treaty of Tordesillas Pair: With a partner, ask who came up with the TreatyShare: With the group, share what we’ve just discussed.30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
16 1st Box: Portugal’s Empire Time Period/Routes: 15th century: led the world in sea exploration and explored the western coast of AfricaMotivation: find a trade route around Africa to AsiaBelieved they could make a lot of money as traders if they could get Asian goods for a cheaper priceAlso wanted to spread Christianity along Africa’s west coast
17 Important People: Prince Henry the Navigator Son of the Portuguese king1st to start the colonial empires.created a naval observatory that taught students navigation, astronomy, & cartographySent more than 50 expeditions down the west coast of Africa and a route to India and China but never visited them.-Wanted to establish Portuguese colonies & break the Muslim hold on trade routes
20 Prince Henry the Navigator Unable to make money trading gold, so he tried creating sugar cane plantations--Sugar cane was a very profitable crop, but required lots of laborHenry imported slaves from Africa to work the fields--This was successful & was later copied in the New World--Encouraged a slave trade that lasted another 400 years…
21 Think-Pair-ShareThink: Think about the contributions of Prince Henry the NavigatorPair: With a partner, where did Prince Henry ships sail from?Share: With the group, share what we’ve just discussed about Prince Henry.30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
22 Portugal’s EmpireExplorers: Bartolomeu Dias (one of Prince Henry Sailors) reached the southern tip of Africa called The Cape of Good Hope and The Indian Ocean.Explorers: Vasco da Gama, another explorer, later sailed around the cape and continued to India.
23 Portugal’s EmpireFor decades, Portuguese sailors continued to explore East Asia where they established forts & trading postsBy 1571, a string of outposts connected Portugal to Africa, India, South Pacific Islands, & JapanPortugal grew wealthy from these trade routes, but…Its most profitable colony was Brazil in South America. Brazil was a Portuguese Colony until 1822.
24 Territories: Portugal The Portuguese Empire included the area known today as Brazil and much of the West Coast of Africa.
25 Think-Pair-ShareThink: Think about the colonies/territories of PortugalPair: With a partner list the colonies of PortugalShare: With the group, share what we’ve just discussed about Portugal30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
26 According to legend, beyond this point in an area known as the "Green Sea of Darkness," the sun was so close to the Earth that a person’s skin would burn black, the sea boiled, ships caught on fire, and monsters hid waiting to smash the ships and eat the sailors. It took fourteen voyages over a period of 12 years until a ship finally reached the equator.
27 Spain’s EmpireTime Period/Routes: 15th Century: Spanish explorers were searching for a trade route through or around North & South America to AsiaMotivationWanted to find aquicker route tothe gold & spicesin Asia.
28 SpainSpain controlled most of the New World (North America and South America), and parts of Europe, Africa, and the Philippines in Asia
29 Important People/Explorers: Christopher Columbus 1490s—C.C., an Italian, was given ships & sailors by the Spanish monarchy--They wanted him to try to find a quick route through the Atlantic Ocean to AsiaHe discovered the Bahamas, but thought he was in Asia… “East Indies”--Later, it was realized that he “discovered” 2 new continents (North and South America)Exploration of these areas brought great wealth to Spain
30 Territories: Spain’s Empire Huge empire that spanned the globeSpanish conquistadors conquered the Inca and Aztec civilizations in the 1500’s (South America)More Motivation--Looking for gold & spices--Used missionaries to convert natives to ChristianityClaimed huge areas of North & South America & ruled over them for 300 years
31 Think-Pair-Share Think: Think about the colonies/territories of Spain Pair: With a partner list the colonies of SpainShare: With the group, share 3 important points about Christopher Columbus30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
32 (Britain) England’s Empire England used to be one of three countries (England, Scotland, & Wales) shared an island.Time Period: 1700’s, the three united and became Great BritainBritish empire was the largest in history--At its peak, Great Britain controlled: Canada, Australia, India, much of Africa, and numerous islands
33 Britain (England)By the 18th century, the British Empire was the most powerful in EuropeTerritories: had colonies in in North America, Africa, the Caribbean, India, and Australia
34 (Britain) England’s Empire North America came under British control in the 1700s--Lost American colonies in 1776 and U.S became an independent country.--Maintained control over Canada until 20th centuryGreat Britain colonized Australia in 1788Motivation--Used it as a penal (prison) colony to relieve overcrowded jails in England
35 Think-Pair-ShareThink: Think about the colonies/territories of BritainPair: With a partner list the colonies of BritainShare: With the group, discuss why Britain was the most powerful during the 18th century.30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
36 France’s EmpireTime Period: French possessed colonies around the world from 1600 to 1900Motivation: Imperialism. Also dominated much of the European continent--By 1812, France controlled much of Germany, Italy, & France
37 France’s EmpireTime Period: Established other colonies in the 16th-17th centuries:--Islands in the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, the South Pacific, the North Pacific, & the North AtlanticFrance also maintained influence in Canada, South America, Southeast Asia, & Northwest Africa
38 Territories: FranceThe French Empire consisted of colonies in North America, Asia, and the West IndiesThe French lost many of these to Britain, but it still controlled part of Asia, North America and eventually parts of West Africa
39 Think-Pair-Share Think: Think about the colonies/territories of France Pair: With a partner list the colonies of FranceShare: With the group, discuss what motivated France to colonize other areas.30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
41 Impact: Imperialism = Injustice Impact #1: European nations showed little respect for the indigenous (native) peoples they colonized.Impact #2: Using military force and slave labor, they exploited (oppressed) conquered territories while they increased their wealth and power.
42 Think-Pair-Share Think: Think about imperialism Pair: With a partner discuss the two impacts of imperialismShare: With the group, discuss how may imperialism a bad or good thing.30 seconds….1…2…3… Go!
43 Jigsaw Instructions On your own separate sheet of paper. Everyone will write each question and answer in complete sentences. Watch spelling and punctuation!!Return back to base camp and share your answers with your Base Camp partners.20 Minutes to completeWhatever is not completed in class, it is for homework!
44 Jigsaw: Base Camp Gold Group God / Glory Group What natural resources were Europeans looking for?Where did Europeans have to go to get silk and spices?Why did Europeans want a Sea Route to Asia?Why was trading through the Mediterranean so expensive?God / Glory GroupWhat did Europeans believe they had to spread?Why did European countries want colonies?Why did European colonies want new markets?What is imperialism?Prince Henry the NavigatorWhat country was he the ruler of?What was he the first to do?What did he open? Where/When did he open it?