Presentation on theme: "European Exploration and Colonization (European Empires)"— Presentation transcript:
1 European Exploration and Colonization (European Empires) Essential Question: Why was exploration and colonization important in the development of Europe and the world?SS6b: Trace the empires of Portugal, Spain, England, and France in Asia, Africa, and the Americas.
2 Words to KnowEmpire: group of territories or nations under a single ruler or government Imperialism: the practice of a larger country growing stronger by taking over smaller countries that have important natural resources.
3 Words to KnowColonize: to send a group of settlers of a nation to establish political control over the land and the indigenous (native) people of that area
4 Movie: Avatar How many of you have seen this movie Movie: Avatar How many of you have seen this movie? How is it an example of exploration and colonization?
5 Empire buildingAfter the 14th century, Europe’s most powerful countries competed to see who could get the most colonies (colony).They wanted to build their Empire by taking over other parts of the world (Imperialism).
6 Remember Spices and Goods from Asia??? How did the Europeans know aboutthe spices and goods in Asia?The Crusades ( )Military expeditions sent by thePopes of the Roman Catholic Churchto capture the Holy Land (Jerusalem) from theMuslim Turks.Not successful, but had a fewpositive resultsWestern Europeans learned to:Create better mapsBuild better shipsExposed Europeans to spices & goodsfrom AsiaTravels of Marco Polo
7 Trade Routes to Asia1400’s—major trade routes from Asia to Europe wentThrough 2 Italian cities (Venice and Genoa)Italian merchants marked up theprices on the jewels, fragrances,woods and finished goods & soldthem throughout Europe.Portugal, Spain, France, and EnglandResented the huge profits made byItalians. Since the Italians controlled the trade routesThrough the Mediterranean Sea they began to look for other routes to Asia and the Spice Islands—water route to Asia!
8 Spain and Portugal: Treaty of Tordesillas Portugal and Spain claimed territories in the New World before any other European powers.Since both nations were Catholic, the Pope drew a line on the map showing which territories would belong to Portugal and which ones belonged to SpainWho is going to get most of the New World?
9 Portugal Leads the Way!Established the earliest of the modern European colonial empires.Prince Henry the Navigatorschool of navigationsent more than 50 expeditions downthe west coast of AfricaBartolomeu Dias reached the southerntip of Africa called The Cape of Good Hopeand the Indian OceanVasco da Gama and other Explorers, latersailed around the cape and continued toIndia
10 Portugal Leads the Way!For decades, the Portuguese continued to explore east Asia where they established forts & trading posts.By 1571, a string of outposts connected Portugal to Africa,India, South Pacific Islands, and JapanPortugal grew wealthy from these trade routes, but…Its most profitable colony was Brazil in South America.Brazil was a Portuguese colony until 1822.
11 Use the European Empires Student Map to record the different routes You may want students to label the continents.
12 Portugal’s Explorations: Color the route of the Portuguese
13 Empire of Portugal: color the land area and complete the key
14 Spain’s EmpireSpanish explorers were searching for a trade route through or around North & South America to AsiaWanted to find a quicker route to the gold & spices in AsiaChristopher Columbus (Italian)given $ by Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain…find a quick route to through the Atlantic to Asia.He discovers the Bahamas, but thought he was in Asia… called the land “West Indies”. Found 2 new continents.Exploration of these areas brought great wealth to Spain.
15 Spain’s Empire Huge empire that spanned the globe Spanish conquistadors conquered the Inca and Aztec civilizations in the 1500s (South America)--Looking for gold & spices--Used missionaries to convert natives to ChristianityClaimed huge areas of North & South America & ruled over them for 300 years
16 Spain’s Explorations: Color the route of the Spanish
17 Empire of Spain: color the land area and complete the key
18 England’s EmpireEngland used to be one of three countries (England, Scotland, & Wales)1700s, the three united and became Great BritainBritish empire was the largest in history--At its peak, Great Britain controlled: Canada, Australia, India, much of Africa, and numerous islands
19 England’s Empire North America came under British control in the 1700s --Lost American colonies in 1776--Maintained control over Canada until 20th centuryColonized Australia in1788--used it as a penal (prison) colony to relieve over crowed jails in England
20 England’s Explorations: Color the route of the English
21 British Empire: color in the lard area and complete the key
22 France’s Empire Established other colonies in the 16th-17th centuries: --Islands in the Caribbean, the Indian Ocean, the South Pacific, the North Pacific, & the North AtlanticFrance also maintained influence in Canada, South America, Southeast Asia, & Northwest AfricaMany French explorers were searching for the Northwest Passage. Founded Quebec, theGreat Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. Established fur trading posts in the New World.
23 France’s Explorations: Color the route of the French
24 Empire of France: color the land area and complete the key
25 Remember Definition of an Empire? Empire: group of territories or nations under a single ruler orgovernmentCan you think of an Empire?