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Published bySadie Shackley Modified over 8 years ago
SS6H6A Portugal is a small country on the Atlantic coast in Southern Europe During the 15 th century, Portugal led the world in sea exploration Beginning in 1415, and for nearly 100 years, Portugal explored the western coast of Africa 1
SS6H6A The Portuguese wanted to find a route around Africa Goods bought over land from China and India were expensive Europeans wanted Asian silks and spices, but they wanted to find a way to get them at a lower cost 2
SS6H6A The Portuguese believed that they could make a lot of money as traders if they could get Asian goods for a cheaper price There were religious reasons to explore too The Portuguese wanted to spread Christianity along Africa’s west coast 3
SS6H6A Prince Henry the Navigator was the son of the Portuguese king He fought in a battle that helped capture Ceuta, a city on the coast of North Africa The Moors had controlled Ceuta for hundreds of years 4
SS6H6A This gave Portugal an important outpost from which to explore Africa Prince Henry became governor of Portugal’s southernmost coast He sent more than 50 expeditions down the coast of Africa 5
SS6H6A Henry wanted to establish colonies and break the Muslim hold on trade routes 6
SS6H6A Henry studied navigation and mapmaking He established a naval observatory Students there learned navigation, astronomy, and cartography (mapmaking) Henry’s efforts advanced what Europeans knew about these sciences 7
SS6H6A Henry was unable to make money trading in gold, so he tried creating sugar cane plantation One of his expeditions discovered the island of Madeira The climate there was good for growing sugar cane, and he knew that it was a very profitable crop 8
SS6H6A It also required lots of labor Henry imported slaves from Africa to work the fields * This plan became successful and was later copied in the New World In fact, the expansion of the sugar cane economy encouraged a slave trade that lasted another 400 hundred years 9
SS6H6A The Portuguese also gained access to the Spice Islands By 1513, Portuguese trade extended to China and Japan 10
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